ʻO 3D hōʻikeʻikepili pūnaewele me API-javascript: Esri Advances

Keʻike mākou i ka hanaʻo ArcGIS Smart Campus, me nā hana e like me nā ala waena ma waena o ka papapihi ma kaʻanuʻuʻekolu o ke kūkulu halehana Professional a hoʻokahi ma ka Q Auditorium, no ka hopena o ka cadastre a me ka hoʻohuiʻike BIM, hāʻawi mākou iā mākou iho ʻO ka hoʻohuiʻana o Geo-engineering i loko o ka hihiʻo paʻa e pili loa ana.

A ʻoiai ʻo ka nalo ʻana o nā hana koʻikoʻi e mālama i kahi ʻano hana hoʻokele ʻike haku (MDM) no kahi kiko o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma waena o ka mālamalama maoli o GIS, ka ʻike BIM kikoʻī a me nā hanana noi i ke ola maoli e holo nei i kēia kuhikuhi. Hoʻomaopopo pū mākou ke holo nei kēia mau hana āpau ma nā polokalamu kele pūnaewele, me kekahi Python no nā hana maʻamau akā me kahi ʻōlelo e like me ka mālamalama e like me ka javascript.

ʻO ka hopena e hoʻomaopopo iā mākou,ʻo nā geomatics a me nā mea hoʻolākini e hele i kahi i mua e hoʻomaopopo i nā'ōhumu, a me nā code programming.

He mea nui nō hoʻi e hoʻomaopopo i ka loli ʻana mai nā wahi o ka papakaumaka kaumaha i nā kahakaha code browser māmā. ʻOiai he mea ʻepekema ʻepekema nāna i hana keaka me ke kikowaena GIS, ʻo Gis Engine a i ʻole Gis mea i hele aku i ka lima ke ʻike ʻo ia i ka hana a Leaflet i kahi papa ma. MāppingGis; ʻAʻole wau e kahaha inā heleʻo ia e lele ma luna o ka lua kupapaʻu i kona kumu mua.

Ma ke kaliʻana i ka manaʻo ArcGis Indoors, kūkā kēiaʻatikala i ka huiʻana o nāʻike o Lau - he kaikamahine i hana pū me kēia pūnaewele - a me nā ʻike o ka pōʻaiapili o ka hoʻoponopono o Geofumadas.com, ma ka webinar hou o “He wehewehe i ka 3D ma ka Pūnaewele me ka ArcGIS API no Javascript ".

Ua hōʻike mua ʻia nā mea hōʻike o ka webinar me kahi lou maikaʻi ma ke kumuhana o ka hoʻohana ʻana iā 3D i nā noi ArcGIS, a pehea e hōʻike ai iā ia iho i nā paepae o: Nānā i nā hiʻohiʻona, Nā Palapala Kiʻi, a i ʻole ka Mea Hana Pūnaewele Pūnaewele e pili ana i ke kumu o ka hoʻopaʻa.

He mea nui ia e wehewehe ʻia nā manaʻo kumu e pili ana i ke kumumanaʻo 3D mai kinohi mai, keu hoʻi no ka mea ma mua o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā puke, ʻimi ia i nā hana hoʻohālike. Eia pū kekahi me ka manaʻo nui e pili ana i nā koi ʻōnaehana maʻamau e holo i nā kaʻina hana i hoʻopili ʻia i kēia ʻano ʻikepili i ʻokoʻa loa mai 2D, e like me kahi kāleka kiʻi maikaʻi, kākoʻo OpenGL i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka polokalamu kele pūnaewele w / WebGL.

Ināʻaʻole, e haʻiʻia e nā hoaaloha KANAWAI, ma ke 'ano nani o ka lawelawe waiwai ma nāʻenehana GIS, ka mea i pale ai i mua o nā puka OpenGL o nā palapala kiʻi kiʻi Nvidia o ke Kulanui i kahi i kūkuluʻia ai.  Hoʻonui hoʻonui ʻia e nā kūʻē o nā haumāna ʻo Bogota i mea paʻakikī e hana i nā hoʻokolohua lawa i ka lā ma mua.

Eia hou, ua hōʻike lākou i ke kauʻana o ke kākoʻo e holo i ka mea hana ma nā polokalamu kelepona e like me nā kelepona pūnaewele paha.

I ka hōʻike 'ana i mālama mau examples a me nā hōʻike, e maopopo ana i ka API no ka pio ka oihana, a peheaʻikepili ua interconnected hiki paha ke hōʻikeʻia nani 3D, e hoʻomaka ana me ka haawe ana o nā papa a' ike i WebScene, a ma hope kona hōʻikeʻia nani / komoʻana 3D ma Screeneview,

Hoʻohuiʻenehana

ʻO ka hoʻolālā he ʻano 4.x a hana ʻia i nā ʻikena a me nā hāmeʻa, me ka ʻae ʻana i nā ʻikepili he nui mai nā kumu ʻikepili ʻokoʻa. ʻOi aku kēia hoʻolālā ma mua o 3.x no ka mea aia wale nō ka ʻike 3D no kēia pae. Hoʻohana ʻia nā pono Webscene a me SceneView e hoʻokele i ka ʻikepili 3D a hoʻohui piha ʻia i loko o ka API, me ka hoʻohui ʻana pehea e hiki ai ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohālikelike 3D i ka ʻikepili i loaʻa i nā noi mua.

Me nā laʻana, hōʻike lākou i ka ʻokoʻa ʻike ma waena o 2D a me 3D ʻikepili a pehea e hele ai mai kahi ʻike palapala ʻāina ʻo 2D WebScene i kahi 3D SceneView, ma o nā code javascript. He maʻalahi ka manipula o ke kāmela, e hoʻohui ana i kekahi mau kauoha kikoʻī i nā manaʻo e hoʻololi i ka ʻaoʻao. Ua hana ʻia nā hoʻāʻo ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ke poʻo, hiki i ka hoʻololiʻana o ka kamera ma ka mokumanaʻo.
  • hele i: hoʻohanaʻia e hoʻokumu i kahi nānā e like me ka mea āu e makemake ai eʻike i ka 3D, a hiki iāʻoe ke hana i nā animation me kēia mea hana, e like me ke kauʻana i kekahi mau helu o ka poʻomanaʻo e hoʻolālā i ka animation wikiwiki.
  • Hoʻomākaukau: Laweʻo ia i ka hoʻopilikino o kaʻike a waihoʻia ma ka palapala 2D
  • iScreen: hiki iāʻoe ke kuhikuhi i kahi kiko'ī ma ka palapala 2D a e kau ma hope ma ka nānāʻana o 3D
  • hitTest: hoʻohanaʻia e hoʻoholo i nāʻano i loaʻa kahi kiko'ī i loko o ka manaʻo

Ka mea i hoakaka ia ma ka hana ana i kekahi palapala 'āina 3D i ka ia hana, e hana i kekahi 2d, e like me ka hoʻohana' ana basemaps, papa a mau papa i mea i kākoʻo ia no 2D (WMS, vectors a CSV).

Eia naʻe, pono e noʻonoʻoʻaʻole i loko o ka papa helu 2D kaʻike o "Z" (ke kiʻekiʻe),ʻo ia ke kumu o ka hōʻoiaʻana i kaʻikepili no ka loaʻaʻana o nā papa e pili pū ana me 3D me nā kapuaʻi luna, nā menhlayersai ole ia, elevationlayers. I loko o ka API, hiki iāʻoe ke ninaninau e pili ana i kēia mau kikowaena 3D, e like me nā kikola kiʻekiʻe i loko o ka manaʻo, ma ke kiʻi (1) iʻike muaʻia ka'āina, a ma ke kiʻi (2) e like me kona hoʻololiʻana mai ka nīnau hulina ole i hana 'ia.

Ua hōʻike lākou i mau laʻana he nui e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka ʻike i ka ʻikepili, no ka laʻana, he aha ka ʻikepili a nā SceneLayers (kuhi), a me nā mea 3D (3D Objects) kākoʻo.

No nā kūlanakauhale nui, kahi mea hana o nā mea 3D he mea hana ikaika, ʻoiai hiki ke ʻike ʻaʻole wale i ka wahi spatial o ka mea, akā ʻo kona nui hoʻi, ka pilina me ke kaiapuni, a me nā ʻano intrinsic o kēlā me kēia o lākou. nā mea. Hōʻike ke kiʻi ma lalo nei pehea lākou i koho koho ʻole ai i kahi hale ma New York City, a ʻike ʻia kona mau ʻano āpau. Pēlā nō, hiki i nā nīnau he nui ke hoʻomākaukau e like me nā kūkulu, e like me: kahi o nā hale i loaʻa kahi kikoʻī kikoʻī kikoʻī a wehewehe paha i nā ala maikaʻi loa.

Kākoʻo i ka hanaʻana i nā papa IntegratedMeshLayer, ʻo ia kekahi mahele o kaʻikepili mai nā meaʻike e like me keʻano o nā hoʻolele. ʻAʻole lākou i loko o nāʻike kūʻokoʻa o kēlā me kēia hale e like me ke kiʻi mua, akā heʻike nui o nāʻike me nāʻano 3D.

Ma nā aoʻeleʻele, hiki iāʻoe ke pāʻani me ka nui o nā pelekane eʻike i kaʻikepili maikaʻi aʻe, no ka mea, hiki i kēlā me kēia papa helu ke loaʻa nā helu he mau miliona, akā,ʻaʻole lākou i paniʻia he mea 3D pono'ī iho.

Ua kuhikuhi lākou i ka hoʻohana o ka symbology i ka ʻikepili 3D, i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻano pālahalaha / pālahalaha, a me nā leo i pili i nā mea i hana ʻia ma 3D. Hiki i kēia mau mea i nā ʻano kikoʻī e like me ke ʻano o ka mea. Ua hōʻike lākou i ka hoʻohana o nā mea i kapa ʻia Extrudes e "kala" i ke ʻano e like me kona ʻano,

Hōʻikeʻia nāʻano o ka hāʻawiʻana i hiki ke hoʻohanaʻia: ke kuhihewa, kahi o nā mea a pau i hoʻokahi hōʻailona,ʻo keʻokahiWalueRenderer kahi e hiki ai ke hoʻokaʻawale i nā mea, e like me kahi hua, a me ClassBreakRenderer kahi e mālamaʻia ai nāʻano o kēlā me kēia mea e pili ana i kahi papa: i kēia manawa, hōʻike lākou i ka lōʻihi o ka mamao mai ka hale e hana ai e komo i ka pūnaewele lawe waʻa.

Hōʻike nā mea hōʻike, i loko o ka manawa pōkole Webinar, nā mea maikaʻi a pau o ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka ArcGIS API no Javascript, e like me:

  • 3D mea mamao: me kahi hōʻike hulina e hōʻike ana i ka mamao ma waena o nā mea, ma kaʻaoʻao ākea a me ke kikowaena.
  • Ke kūkuluʻana i nā noi: mai kahi a me nā mea 3D.
  • Hoʻohālikelike SceneView mode: kuhikuhi i ka mea a me keʻano o ka nānā 3D a hiki ke hoʻokuʻuʻia i Portal no ArcGIS.
  • ʻO nā kinona o nā kinona:ʻaʻole i ka nānā wale aku i nā hanana o kaʻili, akā e hiki nō hoʻi ke ana i nā mamao ma ka honua.
  • Building noi, hōʻikeʻia nani 3D e like me ka ike maopopo hōʻike makahiki, laina a Oe kahea aku kahi i kekahi mau hiʻona i hōʻike, e like me Tags i mea ma luna o paepae ai e like Google Honua, ma keia hihia 3D
  • Declutter: hoʻohana 'ia e huikala ai Kānana lepili a ano a i koi' ia e ike i ka palapala 3D, pela ae ho'āʻo ana i ka puu o ka lepili i mai ole ae pono visualization, a i kani ka wā ma ke aupuni 'i kekahi mea i ho'ākāka'.

Ma hope o nā hōʻikeʻike o kēlā me kēiaʻano i hoʻokomoʻia i loko  ʻO ArcGIS API no Javascript, hōʻike i nā moʻolelo e hōʻikeʻia ma ka 4.10 hou. Ma hea e loaʻa ai iāʻoe:

  • E hana i ka Layer Scene
  • E kaomi i ka widget: a laila e hoʻouna i kaʻike i hana muaʻia i kahi mea 3D
  • Loading he nui nui o kaʻikepili:ʻaʻole pili wale i ke kulanakauhale kekahi, akā, (aupuni) nationwide.
  • Pākuʻi nā kapuaʻi mākū

Nā haʻawina o kēia pūnaewele i geoengineering

I ka pōkole, he kūpono loa ke kumuhana; ke hoʻomanaʻo nei i nā loina e pili ana iā Digital Twins a me Smart Cities e koi ana, ma mua o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana e pili ana i ka hoʻokele ʻike, ka mea i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, e kamaʻilio ʻia me ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka hana. He ākea ka mākeke, e hoʻohiki ana a hiki i kēia lā he nui nā aneane turnkey solution no ka mea hoʻohana hope; ʻoiai no mākou e hoʻohana ana i ka ʻenehana e hana i nā mea hana ʻai ʻole, paʻakikī ka ala. Hōʻike kēia, hoʻohui i nā nui ʻē aʻe e like me ka manawa, ke kumukūʻai a me ke ola o nā kaʻina hana. ʻaʻole ma ka pae o ka ʻikepili a me ka ʻenehana, ka mea a mākou e koi ai, he pilikia maopopo ia, akā i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi loa i ka hana maoli a ka mea hoʻohana i mua o nā inter Mediaries i ke kaulahao transactional e hele i ka ʻike spatial. Mai ka ʻaoʻao ESRI, paʻakikī ka hana ʻana o ka ʻikepili, no ka mea ʻoiai hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohui i ka ʻikepili BIM i kūkulu ʻia ma Revit, ʻike ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he ʻelua mau honua kaʻawale e pono ai ka hoʻololi paʻakikī. E hiki nō ke hoʻohana i nā hana hou ma nā hiʻohiʻona BIM, akā aia ka nui o ka nui o ka ʻike CAD e lawe iā ia i nā kūlana o loko, me nā wahi polygonized, kiʻekiʻe a hoʻokiʻekiʻe ʻia nā papa maʻamau.

Eia nō naʻe, inā he pono ko Esri hōʻaiʻē, ʻo ia ka holomua i ka hiʻona nani a maʻalahi hoʻi. Hiki iaʻu ke noʻonoʻo i nā mea hōʻeha o Don Jack, me kāna optics o «e maʻalahi» nā alakaʻi o nā laina kaulike o AutoDesk, i loko o kēlā male hope akā kūleʻa ka male ma kahi «aneane kahi polokalamu ArcGIS Pro»Pono ʻoe e ʻike ma lalo o nā pale me he kāmaʻa me nā ʻāpana he nui e kuhikuhi i ka like akā me nā pilikia e hoʻomaʻalahi i ke kumu o ka hopena a ka ʻenekia, ʻenehana ʻenehana, ʻenehana ʻĀina a me ka Architecture e ʻimi ai. A ʻo ke ʻano o ka maʻalahi o ka palapala noʻeau a ka GIS i ʻeha ai, pono e ʻike ʻia e ka CAD maʻamau, ma muli o ka maʻamau o ka hoʻopoina ʻana i kahi hoʻolālā he medium wale nō ia, akā ʻo ka mea nui e hoʻokau i ka hale i ka hana.

Good hana hōʻikeʻia nani GIS, Lightweight, hoʻomōhala ma abstraction o ka ike maopopo, e e pono no ka CAD / BIM hapalua, a no kekahi manawa, e i ke ola, no ka hookamaia o BIM ma na aina e hele ai no ka lōʻihi, ka oi aku ma na rula ineptitude nā luna kahiko i kākauʻia ma nā lekaʻelua o ka hihiʻo AECO.

E pili ana ka lāhui i nā makahiki e hiki mai ana, ma keʻano e like me ka laweʻana i ka holo pololei CAD-GIS-BIM-DigitalTwin-SmartCity; e like me ka mea iʻikeʻia ma nā hana ma kaʻaoʻao o Siemens / Bentley i ka loaʻaʻana o nāʻoluʻolu e like me CityPlanner a me ka hoʻokuʻuʻiaʻana o ka puka wehe ma Javascript.

I kēia manawa, e hāʻawi iā Esri i ka hōʻaiʻē no kēlā hana synergy me AutoDesk, ma ʻō aku o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka ʻikepili / ʻenehana, i kahi kaʻina hana / mea hoʻopili a ka mea hana. I ka hopena, he waiwai ia no nā mea hoʻohana, i koe e hōʻoia i kēlā ʻanuʻu e aʻo e hoʻomaopopo i nā hiʻohiʻona a me ke code; e hoʻomaka ma ka liʻiliʻi i kahi papa ArcGIS Pro maikaʻi a me kahi kumu kumu Javascript.

Eia kekahi mau papa e kākoʻo mākou e mālama iāʻoe i ka uku, i nā kumukūʻai kūpono.

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