waiwai kūʻiʻoo georeference

mākou i heluhelu i ka theories likeʻole e kākoʻo palapala kŰia kŰia nā like me ka 'epekema e ho i Geographicʻike manaʻo e like me oe, e haawi aku i kēia' ike i ka pono aesthetic ka wā, ua ike ia i ka manawa mākou ola mai nā 'mau hana ma kela la i keia ola kahi e hoʻohana ai mākou i ka helina i ka hana i kēlā me kēia lā.

Mai ka manawa mākou huli ma ka lawe lima kūlana kiʻekiʻe, ka 'ike mākou hoouna a loaa ua pili me ka georeferencing: ka malie, i ka hope nūhou, nohona kūkākūkā, Consulting i kekahi palapala, GPS ho'ā hope a me ka lepili ana o nā kiʻi. Maopopo keia i ole e hele mai i loko i ka pō, mau ia ma luna o ka manaʻo mākou i ke ola i ka launaʻole manawa, eia nae, ua ike i ke kokoke limitless nona iho o ke kanaka i ka hana mea hou i hana muaʻole i, he mea hiki ole i ka noonoo ai i na mea hiki ke hanaia 25 makahiki ma hope mai. Ma ke ala hookahi paha i kekahi noonoo wale keia 25 makahiki aku nei, o ka oi aku i loko o ka manawa, i ka wa enehana 'ike a me ka kamepiula' epekema ua soared exponentially massification o ka HOU no ka maʻamau o hokii.

geolocation

Oiai ke ana georeference i Ua he kino kanaka hana, noonoo 'ike noonoo maalea, a me ka paiia palapala' āina, no ka lōʻihi manawa i ka hana kūikawā a me ka aeia no ke kōkua o wale i ka pae ana o kanaka hope. No laila, kālailai i ka waiwai kūʻiʻoo kēia lākiō o ka georeferencing mea nui no kou mau manao like i ka pāhana mea e hiki mai ana i loko o nā hoʻopaʻi 'ana i loko o nā makahiki e hele mai ana. laila, e ka nana i na mea hoʻomaoe o keia.

Pehea ka mea, lilo iho la kūʻiʻoo georeferencing?

He maʻalahi ke kumu ma ke kumu: no ka mea, ʻo geolocation kahi hapa o ka nohona o kēlā me kēia lā. I kēlā me kēia lā pono mākou e neʻe i loko o kahi ʻekolu o ke ʻano ʻekolu, kahi mākou e hoʻolele ai i nā poloka he iwakālua i ka ʻākau, ʻeono ma ka hema, hele aku mākou i lalo i ʻelua pae e papa ai i ke kaʻa a piʻi i nā pae ʻehā e hana ai i loko o kahi keʻena. Hiki iā mākou ke hana i kēia ma kēlā me kēia lā a i ka wā e pono ai mākou e wehewehe i ia ma luna o kahi pepa a paʻi paha i loko o kahi hoʻolaha, ʻo ia ke ʻike mākou. Akā ʻo kēlā geolocation i kahi lōʻihi lōʻihi o ka ʻāina a me ka pilikino pilikino, no laila ua hana ʻia e like me ke ʻano o kēlā me kēia lā.kiʻi

Kanakubo (1) i loko o kona pepa wehewehe i ka hooulu ana o Contemporary Cartography, i ka evolution o ka pähola 'ana o cartography i ua pili me ka nui pono o nāʻoihana i kekahi manawa; no ka laʻana, ka mana lanakila, nā pūʻulu militia ma ke kaua, a me nā mana waiwai o ka honua. O na minute i hana ka i ike i ka georeference me ka loaa ole ma kela aoao o ka kūlokoʻilikai pono, e like me ka hana i ka kokoke'āina, ka'āinapuniʻole, a like me ka mea he nalu: globalized manaʻo.

Ka manawa mākou e ola,ʻo ia i ka uku kuala o ka malama ana i ka pili honua, pono i ka hoʻohana 'ana o georeferencing i loko o ka hele ana kūmau. Wale no i ka mea i lawe mai i ka waiwai kūʻiʻoo kēia lākiō: na waihona waiwai noi aku i ka hōʻike ma kā lākou mau pa e, nā mea kūʻai mai pono e hiki, ike loea Manufacturers lawelawe e hoʻoikaika i palapala noi, me ka Academy kaumaha ana i kekahi papa hana hoʻonaʻauao ma keia wahi a me keia Competition lawe HOU i ka mea hoʻohana. O ka holo ana, i ka hopena hoʻohana mea,ʻaʻole i ike i keia, a me ka mea ka mea a mākou kapa kūʻiʻoo, e like me ka mea i loko o maʻamau o ke ola.

Waiwai kūʻiʻoo pomaikai o ka geolocation

He nui nā kumu no ke aha la ka mea manaoio i kēia mea pono, mamua ia kamepiula laila mākou e kamaʻilio. Mai ka wahi o ka Hawaii o ka poe i keakea me mākou nā noʻeau hoʻokele waiwai mai ka 'epekema a me ka' ike enehana Leeuwerikplein, ka nui pono mea i pono i nā lā hou aku o ko mākou mau lawelawe. Ina oe e hoʻomōhala noi, aʻo, ua kuai huahana a lawelawe, i ka mea e georeferencing he kupono, pomaikai iā mākou.

Akā ma waho o ko mākou mau pono, he waiwai nui ka loaʻaʻana o nā palapala noi no ke kanaka, i kēlā me kēia lā me nāʻoihana iʻoi aku ma luna o ka geolocation. Eʻike kākou i ka maʻalahi o kēia manawa e holo me ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka GPS kōkua ma ka kaʻa, a noʻonoʻo e pili ana i nā mea hikiʻole ke loaʻa aʻo ka heleʻana no nā kumu kūpono. Hiki iā mākou keʻike i ka pōmaikaʻi o ka mea hoʻohana e hiki ke hoʻokomo i kā lākou huahana i loko o ka pūnaewele puni honua, i loaʻa i ka mea kūʻai ma waho o ka'āina, me kaʻole e hele pololei.

ʻO nā papahana e pili ana i ka geo-engineeringʻo ia ka hōʻoia o nā pono o ka geolocation. ʻO nā mea i hanaʻia no ka hopuʻana i nāʻikepili i ke kahua, i kēlā me kēia lā, he mau kumu kūʻai. Akā i nā lā a pau, ua paʻakikī kaʻikeʻana i ka palena ma waena o ka māla a me nāʻoihana o ke keʻena, no kaʻikeʻana i kaʻikeʻana i kaʻikeʻana i kaʻikeʻana, ka hoʻolālikelike a me ka hanaʻana i nāʻoihana. Nā kumuhana e like me ka BIM (2) e hoʻoholo i ka geolocation i nāʻaoʻao ma mua o ka mea i manaʻoʻia, e like me ka hana, ka manawa a me nā koina.

Loaʻa he pōmaikaʻi nui ma ka hoʻolakoʻana i kaʻike i kēlā me kēia lā me ka maikaʻi a me nā lā a pau. Ka naau mai laulima i hoihoi i ka lā i kēia lā i loko o ka ulu ana o ka 'oihana e like me Open Street Maps, he keiki Kahua o global loaa ole, me ka kŰia ha ana i ua hua mai la e na hoomaikai i ka hōʻeuʻeuʻikeʻia me crowdsourcing hoʻohana kaiāulu. Kēia 'ike, ua hiki ole ina ole kūʻiʻoo i geolocation, no ka mea, e paka i kēia' ike, 'aʻole koi' ia ka ho'āʻo pono ma kela aoao o haʻalele no ke kaʻana like 'ia ma ka lawe lima kūlana kiʻekiʻe a me kaʻae i kaʻikepili Uploaded.

No laila, ina profundizáramos i ka nui o ka pomaikai geolocation, paa i ka papa inoa mea nui. Noʻeleu ma luna o ka hoʻokele waiwai, maikaʻi manawa'ōnaehana, laulima, ka maluhia a me ka manawa e innovate no ka pono o ke kanaka.

Waiwai kūʻiʻoo ka pilikia georeference

'Aʻole i pau ka rosy i loko o ka maopopo e like me ka democratization o ka' ike 'ia. Aia i hui pu ka pilikia, ma a ka wale culprit mea i hookuu i ke kanaka kanaka.

Ma waena o kēia mau mea, hiki iā mākou ke haʻi aku,ʻo ka liloʻana o ka pilikino. ʻO ka hilinaʻiʻana i kahi pūnaewele i pili i nā hōʻailona GPS, e komo i ka hāʻawiʻana i kaʻike honua iʻikeʻia. A oiai paha he mea pono loa no kekahi e ike i kahi o ka lakou mau keiki, he mea nui hoi i ka poe hana hewa ke ike i ka ike hookahi. ʻO ka pilikino ma ka hopena, heʻano pilikino ia e loaʻa ai ka pilikia.

Kekahi kamepiula mea i loko o ka hoea mai Crampton (3) i loko o kona dissertation o ka 'epekema ua hoʻopili i ka palapala: ke hoala mai i ka waiwai e lilo aku i ka hailona i na palapala i hiki i ka pono a me ka' epekema kākoʻo mākou i kēia manawa. Akā, i ka mea i ka mea, lilo ka waiwai kūʻiʻoo hana hulina a me ka palapala 'āina hanauna ma ka' ole-hana kūikawā mea hoʻohana, hookomo ana i ka pilikia o ka losing kona mea e like ole ana hōʻike ana hoʻohālike. Ua ua ike i ke kulana i ka nui agile i na functionalities o ka 'epekema? Acaeoey, i ka haahaa o ka ho'āʻo pono o ka lolo, a no ia mea, i ka pilikia o ka hele ana hoʻi i loko o akamai.

Ma ka hopena, i ka waiwai kūʻiʻoo georeference o ka hoʻi o geolocation okoa kanaka kūmau, nā iao?, A me oaoieei paha kela la i keia. Kēia georeference i Hawaiʻi i ka mea i ana mākou hana koho. Ka maika loa ma mua o ka ka pilikia, no ia mea, e pono ia e kiai ana i kū i ke au, nā e imi manawa e manaʻo kākoʻo pāʻoihana.


(1) Tositomo Kanakubo, Ka Development o Contemporary Theorical Cartography

(2) Building Information hōʻikeʻia nani

(3) How Palapala ─ina GPS Ka Ho oholo Wae lilo

(4) Aʻale me ka ae mai o ka mea kākau: i aku la ke kumu ia ua i ka hookolokolo ana, ua makemake no kona papa, au i ka manao i kekahi mea emi mākau, nui laina, oi unidicreccional i emi georeferenciado hope. Kumu lawa e recycle ia iʻaneʻi.

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