Ka palapala pūnaewele kahiko o ka pūnaewele ma waena o nā meaʻoi loa loa o ka Mapihi 28-124

I loko o kāna puke hou loa i ka 28 leo -no ka malamaʻo Malaki a meʻApelila 2019- Ua hoʻonohoʻia ka makuka ma kaʻenehana'okena i nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka hālāwai IX Iberian ma nā Hōʻike'Ipili Spatial. I loko o ka kohoʻana o nā hua'ōleloʻepekemaʻehiku, i paʻiʻia ma loko o kēia puke pai e pili ana i kaʻoihana geoscientific, aia ma kahi oʻehā mau kumu i kū i waho, a mākou e wehewehe nei.

Palapala ─ina mea he oaoieei-scientific ka paʻi me 28 makahiki o ka moolelo e AIM ma ke kūkākūkā o ka noiʻi, nā papahana a me ka hana i hana ai i loko o ke kula o geomatics a me ka hoʻopaʻi 'ana e pili ana me ia, me ka maikai kākauʻana ma luna o kona palapala noi i loko o ke kula o kaʻike honua.

Ma ka manaʻo o ko mākou hoʻoponopono,ʻo nā mea i kohoʻia he mau mea kēia:

  • Old maps palapala pūnaewele
  • Keʻikepiliʻikepili no ke KeʻenaʻIke Hana'Āina (UTM-CSIC),
  • Ka hoʻokōʻana i keʻano INSPIRE ma Diputación Foral de Álava
  • KE INSPIRE Mana Manawa ma metadata,ʻikepili a me nā lawelawe: pehea e hoʻohana ai i nā papa hana hōʻoia a me nā hōʻailonaʻike.
  1. ʻO ka pūnaewele pūnaewele puni honua

ʻO ia kekahi o nā'āpana o ka hoʻokolokoloʻana, i loaʻa ai ko mākou manaʻo ma ka nānāʻana i ke poʻo; i kākauʻia e Alvaro Bachiller, Carolina Soteres, a meʻehā mau mea kākau. 'Ōlelo nui ka papahana; eʻike i ka wā e hiki mai ana e pono kākou eʻike i ka mea i hanaʻia i ka wā i hala aku nei, pehea e pili pono ai i ka māhele'āina.

Kēia kikoo lehulehu ākea o ka wa kahiko palapala - i kapaia o La Cartoteca- hoʻomaka mai 2008, a me ka ua i ka laweia ana mai ma ka CNIG - National Geographic Information Center, ma ka neʻepapa hoʻi, me ka 'Oihana o ke Teritori National Geographic Institute, a me ka National Geographic Institute - IGN. Na hana hoihoi mea mea i hoʻoili kulanui i ua kaʻohiʻana i ka puu o ka mōʻaukala māhele 'ike mai ka umikumamaono kenekulia ma ka hui e hana i ke Map Library.

"Ka mōʻaukala palapala, kōkua hōʻike morphologies, kanu'ōiwi nā kūkulu mamua i ka ua a ianoiyuaa a ike, a hiki paha hou pōhaku puna Ka Ikepili, nā wānana waiwai o ka mea i hala aku, a, e noho i ka wa, aole hoi i heluia i aupuni hooilina."

Aia kekahi o kēia mau pepa waiwai, e like me nā palapala'āina o ka lehulehu, nā mahele kiʻi, a me nā kiʻi palapala kiʻi hoʻopihapiha, hiki ke nānā muaʻia e ka haumāna, meaʻoihana a mea hoʻokele paha. Ua hoʻopunipuniʻia ka mea i luna ma ka hāʻawiʻana o ka CNIG, ma ka hāʻawiʻana i nā lawelawe Palapala Kānae Pūnaewele - ma nā'ōlelo WMS - e lilo i waihona no kēiaʻikepili nui.

Ma ka WMS, hiki iāʻoe ke komo i nā lawelawe he nui e like me:

  • Pale Kilometer - nā kiʻikuhi kiʻi palapala kiʻi: me kahi pālākiō o 1: 2000. Ua laweʻia kēia puke moʻomanaʻo ma waena o 1861 a me 1870; e ka Luna Nui o ka Heluhelu - mua o ka IGN.
  • Papahana:ʻO kēia mau papahana e hōʻike ana i nā palapala i kākauʻia ma waena o 1870 a me 1950, ma mua o ka kūkuluʻiaʻana o ka palapala palapala'āina ma ka 1: 50.000 pālākiō.
  • Nā Papa Hana Hou o ka Palapala Kūhoho Kūhoho Kūwaho - MTN, i hanaʻia ma waena o nā lā o 1875 a me 1968. Aia kēiaʻoihana iʻelua mauʻano likeʻole o nā palapala kiko'ī:
    • nā minuke MTN i hanaʻia ma waena o 1915 a 1960,
    • ʻO ka papahana mua o ka MTN: i hakuʻia nā 4123, a hanaʻia mai 1975 a 2003.

Māheleʻikepili pili nationally, nae, ma ka hihia o nā kūlanakauhale o ka nui kaʻakālai a me ka Mokuna nui me Madrid, ka mea i kauoha aku e i hoʻouluulu i ka hailona no nā 'ike a ua kaumaha aku la i loko o ka hookahi pūnaewele kŰia ha hana - WMS. Information mōʻaukala cartography o Madrid, Ua loa okoa mai ka lunaʻikepili like i: pelane Mancelli o Madrid, hi ona palapala o ka Town a me ka Aha o Madrid pelane ma Rotehama Chalmadrier, geometric pelane Madrid, pelane Madrid a me ka palapala 'āina o Madrid

Ma kēiaʻatikala, hōʻike lākou i nā lawelawe'ē aʻe e pili ana i ka pūnaewele pūnaewele CNIG, e like me ka nīnau o nā hua'ōlelo, a me nāʻenehana i hoʻohanaʻia no ka hoʻokumuʻana i kēia hana ma o ka moʻomeheu Orthophotography. ʻO kēiaʻoihana e hāʻawi ana iʻeonoʻano papahana no nā mea hoʻohana:

  • ʻAmelika B:ʻOihana B kahi (1956 a me 1957),
  • Interministerial flight: nā hana a ka Luna Nui o Sepania ma waena o 1976 a me 1986,
  • Kahe o ka Mokupuni: 1 pākuhi: 18.000 ma waena o 1981 a me 1983,
  • ʻO ka holoʻana o OLISTAT: hoʻolālāʻia e ka'Āhuhana o'Aihana mahiʻai, no nā māla olive ma waena o 1997 a me 1998,
  • a me ka PNOA Pana: hiki ke uhiʻia ka honua āpau me ka pinepine o nā makahikiʻekolu,ʻo nāʻikepili wale nō mai 2004 a 2016 wale nō.

Ma waho aʻeo ia ka luna, ma ka wahi, 'ano a me ka lā o ka hanaia'na o nā huahana ia i hōʻike pehea i Ua i ka lapaau ana i ka' ike, mahope mai, māhele 'ike ka launa pū hoʻi ma luna o 100 makahiki aku nei, pono e hoʻomākaukau ai kaʻina , ka loiloi a me ka pūnaewele e oi ke kino ma mua no ka oi kāu mau māhele ikepili. mea he kumu o keia hana ana i kēia mau palapala i ke 'ano o nā haumāna i ka' ikepili, e hele ma digitization kaʻina hana ma ka 'oihana photogrammetric a me georeferenced scan NineManga.com, pp No ka 400 a me 254 oi small- pālākiō No ka oi large- ka unahiʻole, pp a laila, waiho waho ma luna o kikowaena, CNIG, a e hoʻoholo e like me ka nui e inā e hoʻouna i ka WMS kikowaena a waiho waho ma ka pā hōkū mawaho.

Pono e'ōleloʻia aia nā mea kākau e wehewehe i keʻano o ka loiloi o ka pāhana i loko o nā makahiki i hala koke nei, mai kona weheʻana i ka lehulehu, e hōʻike ana i nāʻikepili e kuhikuhi ana: keʻano o ka kikowaena, ka helu o nā kipa, ka helu o nā noi, nā kiʻina (Gb) a me nā paepae i hōʻailona i kaʻikepili.

  1. Keʻikepiliʻikepili no ke KeʻenaʻIke Hana'Āina (UTM-CSIC),

'ōmiko aʻilikai mahana: Ma kēia noiʻi, ma Juan Valderrama, Susana Tagarro, a me nā kākoʻo '-kākau, i ka hana o ka mokuna Hawaii Technology mea AIM e hoʻolako kino o ka moku'āina' ike no ka moana mau mea e like me ia i ho'ākāka '.

Kēia mokuna hanaʻia ka hoihoi 'hana, e like me ka mea i ka ohi a kālailai kaʻikepili i kēlā me kēia 24 hola, no laila mākou e kuhi ia translates i loko o kiʻekiʻe ka leo o kekahi ano no ka mea, o ka ha awina i loko o ka moana. Oihana o Science, HOU a me ke kulanui a - i loko o kēia hoʻokolokolo 'ana ua akamai loa? Aie? Aiiie i ka hoʻohana' ana o nāʻikepili ohi ia i loko o ke kula, a i laila, hoʻokō ', ua kālailai a me ka hoolilo ana i ka kālai'āina kino ua kahiāuli.

I ka 'atikala Shoes na mea hoʻomaoe o ka hoʻohuiʻana o ka aeuiiai ieaia Hawaii māheleʻikepili oceanographic moku kēlā a me kēlā mea kēia mea o nā kūlana koi' ia e hoʻokō i kēia e hōʻike mai iā ia, e like me: manao paa o kaʻoihana kahuna, ai mea hoike kaʻohiʻana lako a pan, ka ikepili a me kaʻikepili Aoao (physico-Nine Inch, biologists, kanaka hulihonua, a iaoai?), no? ieoaeunoaa metadata, nā palapala kuhikuhi, manaʻo o ke Kahua o ka paipai aʻo kai eʻe - a hōʻike i ke 'ano o kaʻikepili e pono ai no ka hoʻomakaʻia i ka final- huahana lako polokalamu koi (i loko o keia Ke kumu Geonetwork)

  1. Ka hoʻokōʻana i keʻano INSPIRE ma Diputación Foral de Álava

Kēia papahana i hanaʻia e Jorrín Abellán a Oscar Diego Alonso, ka ikaika nā i ka papa kuhikuhiE theme like o ka Magazine no keia buke, no laila, e hoʻomaka haawi kumu no ka nui o ke kūkulu a me ka manaʻo o māheleʻIkepili e? - SDI me ka hoihoi o ka mea, ua kaili puia aku la i ka hakaka o ka lōkahi.

Hōʻike lākou i nāʻano e like me keʻano o ka pae hoʻohālike o nā pūnaeweleʻike, he aha ka mea hana i hoʻohanaʻia i loko o kēia kaʻina hana, nā mea i pono e hoʻoholoʻia, nā pono o kēia holoʻokoʻa.

  1. KE INSPIRE Mana Manawa ma metadata,ʻikepili a me nā lawelawe: pehea e hoʻohana ai i nā papa hana hōʻoia a me nā hōʻailonaʻike

Ka mea, o kekahi o nā nīnūnē e pili ana i ka mua kumuhana, i kākauʻia e Alejandro Salas Guinea a me Paula Rodrigo. He hoʻomaka ma emphasizing ana i ka oaoieei-lula a hooili, e hiki nae iloko ona waiwai 'ike no ka hōʻoia' interoperability oʻikepili, a me ka hoʻomanaʻo pono ai ua hōʻike no nā ikepili, metadata a me keʻano o ka hanaʻana e pili ana i ka hoopiha i ka poe pono a me ka efficient ma ka wehewehe.

I ka 'atikala ka loa hoihoi' e haawi aku i ka mea heluhelu i ka manao i ka mālamalama ma luna o ana i ka hoʻomaka i ka hana ana me ka hoihoi o, e hoʻomaka ana me ka hoʻonohonohoʻia o ka ATS - i ka Hōʻuluʻulu ho'āʻo ma, helu kuʻina, a koi, mau no ia me ka ETS - e puhi ia o executable ho'āʻo ma, nā ho'āʻo hoʻokolohua - Ke ho'āʻoʻana i ka ho'āʻoʻana, ka hoʻopiʻi ho'āʻo, a me ka pahu hōʻike ho'āʻo, a me nā hopena i loaʻa.


Ma waho aʻe o nā hōʻike o nāʻatikala i'ōleloʻia ma mua,ʻo nā hana'ē aʻe e hoʻolahaʻia nei e kēia meka ma kēia puke, penei:

  • ʻO Valencian Toponymic nomenclature
  • ʻO Geolake Search (nā lā e hiki mai ana o ka IDE i mea e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i kāna puke moʻolelo)
  • Ma ke kūlana o nā inoa aupuni ma nā moku Balearic:ʻo Nomenclátor de Toponymy o Menorca a me ka inoaʻo Geographic Nomenclature o ka mokupuniʻo Balearic.

Ma keʻano mua, ua hoʻolaha lākou i ka Geobloggers ma kāna pukeʻelua, e mālamaʻia ma Iune o 2019; ʻO ka hopena e kākoʻo houʻiaʻo Geofumadas -ʻo ka manawa i ke kino.


No ka Palapala'āina

'O ka makasina Ka palapala'āina, He kuhikuhiʻo Hepanaʻi i nāʻikeʻepekema. Me nā makahiki 28 e hoʻolaha i ka hana a me nā noiʻi e pili ana i nā hanana e pili ana i kahi o geomatics, hoʻolālā, kaʻike o kaʻike geospatial a me nā hanana i uluʻia ma kēiaʻano.

"Mai ka 2013, ua hoʻoholo ka papa hoʻoponopono o kēia lā i kahi laina laulā hou no MAPPING. Ua kohoʻo ia no excelencia a me ka hanohano, e hoʻohālike ana i ka waihona ma ka waihona a me ka loulou ma waena o nā hui kūikawā, nā kulanui a me nā hui aupuni e hoʻoikaika i nā papahana, aʻo a hoʻolaha i nā Geomatics a me kāna mau noi ma nāʻano likeʻole e pili ana i ka Sciences of ka Honua. "

Paipai mākou e hele i ka pūnaewele o ka puke Ka palapala'āina, aia ma laila e hiki ai iā lākou ke komo i kā lākou puke paipalapala a pau.

Haʻalele i ka manaʻo hoʻopuka

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