Geographic Information Systems: 30 hoʻonaʻauao wikiō

ʻO kaʻoihana kikowaena nui ma kahi kokoke i nā mea a pau a mākou e hana ai, me ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā polokalamu'elepona, ua hoʻoikaika nui ka manaʻo GIS e hoʻohana. 30 mau makahiki i hala, e kamaʻilio ana e pili ana i kahi pilikino, kahi alahele a palapala'āina paha he hopena pili. Hoʻohanaʻia wale nō e nā mea hoʻolale kiʻi kiʻiʻoniʻoni a iʻole nā ​​mea mākaʻikaʻi hikiʻole ke hana me ka palapala 'āinaʻole i kahi huakaʻi.

I kēia lā,ʻike nā kānaka i nā palapala'āina mai kā lākou mau polokalamu loea, kāpili i nā wahi mai kahi pūnaewele, hana i ka hana kiʻi kiʻi kiʻiʻole me kaʻikeʻole, hoʻokomo i ka pilina o nā kikowaena i loko o kekahi puke. A maikaʻi kēia mau mea a pau no ka māhele GIS. ʻOiai ua paʻakikī kēia paʻakikī, no ka mea, ua hoʻomauʻia ke aʻoʻiaʻana e ka nui o nāʻene i hoʻopiliʻia,ʻo lākou a pau me nā mea nui mai ka lani mai i gehena.

E hiki mai ka manawa ke ho'ohana'ia ka'ike honua. 'A'ole wau e kama'ilio ana e pili ana i ka hō'ike'ana i ka palapala'āina, akā, e kāhea ana i nā papapalapa, kākeke, hana'ana i kahi pa'i, ho'olālā i kahi aniani 3D. No laila, pono e ho'oka'awale i ke kūlana kūikawā o ka ho'ohana'ana, a me ka ho'ohana'ana i kekahi polokalamu i kēia lā; 'A'ohe kanaka i kū i ka'oihana no nā'ano a pau e pili ana i ka ho'oponopono'ana. I kēia manawa, pono'oe e a'o mai GIS. Ma mua o ka ho'ohana'ana i kahi mea hana, e ho'omaopopo i nā kumuhana o ka'ikepili o ka'ikepili ki'i, mai kona hana'ana a hiki i ka mea nāna e hānai iā lākou.

He hau'oli wau ia'u e hō'ike, i ka papa o nā wikiō ho'ona'auao ma ka papahana Geographic Information Systems. He kūpono no ka po'e makemake e ho'omaopopo i nā kumuhana, nā kulekele, nā noi a me nā'ano o ka GIS, i kūkulu'ia ma nā 30 kōkuhi i nā wikiō i nā pū'ulu ki'i nui'ole ma mua o nā mau minuke 5.

Nā kūlana o GIS
  • 'O Geographic Information Systems
  • Nā noi o Geography i GIS
  • E hoʻohana i ka hihia: Ka hoʻoponopono kālā
  • E ho'ohana i ka hihia: Ka ho'oponopono'āina
  • E hoʻohana i ka hihia: Planning Planning
  • Ho'ohana i ka hihia: Ho'oponopono i nā pilikia

kiʻi

Nā'ike laulā o ka'ike honua e pili ana i ka GIS
  • Nā'ike laulā o ka honua: nā pūnaewele kuhikuhi
  • Nā'ike laulā o ka honua: ka ho'onohonoho pūnaewele
  • Nā'ike laulā o ka honua: kūkā like
  • Nā'ike laulā o ka honua: Nā kumumana'o mua o ka palapala'āina
  • Nā kuhikuhi o ke ka'ina o ke ka'ina

kiʻi

Nā'ano kikowaena no ka ho'ohana'ana i GIS
  • Nā'oko'a o ka pololei a me ka maika'i
  • Nā'oko'a ma waena o CAD a me GIS
  • Ka'ikepili'ikepili: nā'ano koho
  • Ka hoʻohanaʻana i GPS e hopu i kaʻikepili iʻikeʻoleʻia

kiʻi

Nā ki'i ki'i ākea a me nā ki'i ki'i satellite e pili ana i GIS
  • Nā ki'i aerial
  • Ka unuhi 'ana i nā ki'i
  • 'O ka ho'ohana'ana i nā mea mamao'ole no nā ki'i ki'i satellite
  • Nā noi ma nā pūnaewele mamao

kiʻi

Ka Ho'omohala Pūnaewele no ka ho'ohana'ana i GIS
  • Ka ho'olaha'ana i nā'ikepili ma ka pūnaewele
  • Ka mālama'ana i nā'ikepili kikowaena
  • Nā'ike'ikepili āpau
  • 'O nā Lu'i o ke Ke'ena'Olepalepa

kiʻi

'O ka hana a nā'oihana GIS
  • 'O ka Digitization o ka'ike
  • 'O ka nui o nā ho'olālā'enehana
  • Ka ho'ohana mālie'ana o nā'enehana i GIS
  • 'O ka lako polokalamu GIS pono'ī
  • Nā lako polokalamu lako pūnaewele no ka ho'ohana'ana iā GIS
  • Ka wehewehe'ana o nā palapala 'āina
  • Ka ho'ohana'ana i nā kūlana i GIS

kiʻi

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