Import kela aku e QGIS wahi, a nāna hoʻi i hana Polygons

'O kekahi o nā hana ma'amau i ka ho'ohana'ana i Geographic Information Systems,'o ia ke kūkulu'ia'ana o nā'anu'u spatia e pili ana i ka'ike mai ka māla. 'O kēia ka mea e ho'onohonoho ai i nā kaulike, e ho'olālā i nā kikowaena a i'ole nā ​​paepae ki'eki'e, e'ike pinepine'ia ka'ike ma nā waihona kikowaena a i'ole nā ​​leka uila Excel.

1. 'O ka papa kuhikuhi kaiaulu'āina i Excel.

Ma kēia hihia, ke ho'ā'o nei au e ho'okomo i nā noho kanaka o ka Repubalika o Cuba, ia'u 'o Diva-GIS, Ma kahi o ke ala kahi o nā kahua maika'i loa e hiki ai ke ki'i i ka'ike'āina'āina mai kekahi'āina. E like me kāu e'ike ai, ua loa'a i nā pauku B a me C nā'ike e pili ana i ka latitude a me ka longitude i ke'ano o Nā kūlana kaiapili.

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

2 E hoʻokomo i ka faile i QGIS

No ka ho'okomo i nā kikowaena o ka faila Excel, ua hana'ia:

Vector> XY mea hana> File OpenExcele e like me ka papa kuhi ai'ole ka papa kuhikuhi

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

Inā ho'opakele'ia ka file me ka extension .xlsx'a'ole e hō'ike'ia e ka polokalamu kelepona, no ka mea, e ho'opili wale'ia nā kōnae me ka lō'ihi .xls. 'A'ole ka pilikia, hiki iā mākou ke ho'ohana i nā hana DOS kahiko a kākau i ka inoa hou, filter: *. * (E kaha i kahi pehu) a komo; Mālama kēia i nā māhele a pau o kēlā wahi e nānā'ia. Hiki iā mākou ke kākau * .xls a ho'opa'a'ia wale nā ​​faila .xls keu.

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

A laila, loa'a iā mākou kahi papa e pono ai mākou e kuhikuhi i ke kolamu e pili ana i ka coordinate i X, ma kēia hihia e koho mākou i ke kolamu o ka lō'ihi, ke paepae o latitude no ka kuhikuhi Y.

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

A ma laila ho'i kā mākou. Hō'ike ka hulina i ka mālama'ana o ka papa i nā'ikepili i loko o ka waihona ku'ina kanaka kanaka o Cuba,'o ia ho'i ka inoa, latitude, longitude, ka ho'olālā a me ka'oihana ho'omalu.

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

3. Hana i nā polygons mai nā kikowaena

I ka hihia, makemake mākou'a'ole wale e ho'okomo i nā po'omana'o, akā, e hana i kekahi polygon i loko o ka papa o kēia mau kuhikuhi, hiki iā mākou ke ho'ohana i ka mono Memo2One. Mālama kēia ho'oili i kahi e kāhea'ia ai ka papahana'ōnaehana, inā e ho'okomo'ia ka mea e lawe mai ai mākou ma laina a i'ole he polygon.

Ho'ō lō'ihi'o Qgis

4. Pehea e lawe mai i nā ka'ina o ka Excel i loko o nā polokalamu CAD / GIS'ē a'e.

Me kāu e hoʻomanaʻo ai, ua hana mākou i kēia hana me nā papahana'ē aʻe. E like me ka mea e like me QGIS, he kakaikahi wale nō. Akā, eia keʻano e hana ai me AutoCAD, Microstation, nui loa GIS, AutoCAD Kanawai 3D, Google Earth.

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