Ke kono neiʻo Geofumadas iāʻoe eʻike i nā puke ma ka pūnaewele ma ka pukaʻo IGN Spain!

Previous:ʻO ka mālamaʻana i nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka honua a me ka hoʻolālāʻana o ka'enekeneka i kēlā me kēia'āina, ua hoʻokumuʻia nā papa hana aupuni e mālama nei i kēia hana koʻikoʻi. I kekahi mau mea e pili ana i ka 'Oihana o ka Puʻepuʻi a i' ole kekahi mea e like me ka papa hana hoʻopili o kēlā me kēia 'āina, hiki i kēia' ano o nā keʻena ke lawe i nā inoaʻokoʻa. Nolaila, ua loaa ia makou Ka Pūʻali Koa Geographic Institute(IGM) ma Ecuador aiʻole National Geographic Institute i nā ʻāina e like me Spain, Guatemala a Peru paha. ʻO kekahi, e like me ʻAmelika, i hānau ʻia ʻo IGM a ma hope ua lilo ka IGN. Akā, ʻaʻole like me ka hana a ko lākou puʻali koa, ka like ka hana like. »

ʻOiai ka hapanui o kēia mauʻokoʻa i ka pae honua āpau he wahi pūnaewele Intaneti, kahi nui loa o lākou e hoʻolako i kaʻike kūpono, kūpono a me ka pono i ka lehulehu. ma luna o nā mea a pau no ka uku.

ʻO ia ke kumu, i kēia lā, makemake mākou e hele i kahi kipa maikaʻi eʻike ai i kekahi o nā mea i hanaʻia IGN Spain Hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻohana i nā mea hoʻohana. E kipa i kahi, e hoʻohana ana i kahiʻano hilinaʻiʻole a mākou e kāhea ai 'Ibero a me kā mākou hou Avatar (ke kiʻi ma ka'ākau), e kipa mākou i kēlā mau wahi i hoʻokomo mai ai ko mākou manaʻo a ke manaʻo nei mākou, e hoʻoneʻe iā mākou i kahi hoʻokolokolo piha loa ma hope. Heleʻoe me mākou?

ʻO ka hoʻomaka o ka huakaʻi

E komo 'Ibero Pono kākou e hele ma waena o ka mokulele a noho ma Madrid, Sepania. ʻO ka mea maʻamau i ka Calle Gral. Ibáñez de Ibero, 3 28003. No laila, hoʻoponopono mākou i nā kāʻei hoʻonā, a hoʻomaka mākou. Ke wikiwiki nei ka heleʻana a he mau kekona kekona eʻike mākou i kahi.

Ua hōʻea mākou me ka hōʻaloʻole. Ke iho nei mākou a ua hoʻopuniʻia mākou e kahi hale brick-colored. Nā puka puka a me nā puka. Nā puka liʻiliʻi me nā papa keʻokeʻo e hoʻopiha ai i ka hoʻonohonoho. Holo mākou ma ka pā hale nui a aia mākou i mua o ka puka komo. Komo mākou No laila, ua hele mai mākou me kekahi kumu i ho'ākākaʻia, no laila, ma hope o nāʻae kūpono, hele mākou i kahi Palapala. Hōʻike lākou he ala wikiwiki a pololei e hiki ai i laila. Mahalo mākou i ka manaʻo a ua nānā ka manawa i ka huliʻana i ke alahaka. Inā mākou e hoʻohana i ka 'palapala maʻamau' i hoʻolakoʻia i ka lehulehu, e hōʻea mākou i kēiaʻano:

Hōʻike i kaʻike i mālamaʻia

Me ka manaʻo nui, hele mākou i kahi i kohoʻia ai a ma hope o ka heleʻana i kahi alahaka,ʻike mākou iʻekolu puka, kēlā me kēia me kahi hōʻailona. Pono kākou e koho i kahi e hoʻomaka me. Hoʻomaka mākou me ka mea ma ka hema:

a) Pukapuka puka

Aia mākou i mua o kahi papa e hoʻonui ana i ka nui o kāna puke i nā manawa a pau. Ua hōʻikeʻia nā kope i kēiaʻano:

I kēia manawa Nā kāʻei 28 Hiki iā lākou ke heluhelu a hoʻoukaʻia no ke kaʻawale ma nāʻano likeʻole.

Hoʻopuka mua:ʻOiaiʻo nā poʻo inoa e uhi ana i nāʻano a me nā mea likeʻole, manaʻo mākou he hiki ke hoʻohana e hoʻokaʻawale nā kope i hōʻikeʻia, he mea kōkua kēia e hoʻoikaika i ka huli:

waeʻano

Nā inoa

Nānā a me News · Crisis, hōʻuluʻulu honua a me nā nohona pili kanaka a me nā'āina i Sepania
Ka palapala'āina ʻO nā mea kākau Kaleponi

· Kaʻao o nā kuhi kiʻi kiko honua

ʻO ke ao honua

· Ka Palapala Kaulima o ka Noho Mahele ma Sepania. Ka papahana SIOSE.

ʻO Geodesy a Astronomy · Nā pilikia astronomy

ʻO ke ana o ka Honua ma waena o 1816 a me 1855

Ka mōʻaukala · NānāʻIke Helu-Helu o ka Luna Helu Heluhelu ma kaʻaha'āinaʻo Almería (1867-1868)

· NānāʻIke Helu-Helu o ka Luna Helu Heluhelu ma ka Municipality of Soria (1867-1869)

· Nā Urina Kūlohelohe o Granada i hānaiʻia e ka hui nui o nāʻike helu (1867-1868): kahi hana i hoʻopauʻoleʻia

· Nā Kauhana Kūʻali Moku'āina Nui o kaʻumikumamāono haneli. ʻO ke kūlana o ka'āina ma Castilla a León

Maps a me nā mea paʻi kiʻi ma ka Civil Civil Spanish (1936-1939)

·ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o Madrid i ka makahiki 19

· Ka moʻolelo o ka weheweheʻana o ka palena'āina Spanish-Farani: mai ka Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659) i nā kuikahi Bayonne (1856-1868)

Miscellaneous · Nā moʻolelo o ka Luna Hoʻonaʻauao Papa

· Hele i ka Sierra de Segura

Mai ka moana ai Venus

Nā kānāwai · Guide Guide

ʻO ka 'ōlelo Latin American Profile of LAMP Metadata 2 Version

Seismicity · Ke kumukānāwai ma ka hoʻouluʻana o nā nalu seismic. Wave Lg

· Hōʻano hou i nā palapala 'āina' āina o ka'isisanaʻo 2012

IDEE - Kālailaiʻikepili hōkū · Hui Hui'Iberia e pili ana i nā 'Ikepili Kinoʻi Huapili (2012)

· Mokuna Iberian e pili ana i nā 'Ikepili Kinoʻi Huapili (2013)

· Hoʻomākaukau i kaʻikepiliʻikepili Spatial

· IDEE ID, 1000 post

· Kālā o nā 'Ikepili KinohiʻImi

Toponymy · Nā kulekele papa inoa no ka hoʻohana honua no nā mea hoʻoponopono palapala'āina a me nā puke'ē aʻe

· Toponymy: Nā Kūlana no ka MTN25. Nā manaʻo kumu a me nā hua'ōlelo

Aia kekahi papahana palapala "pili" e pili ana i ka hoʻolakoʻana i kahi kikowahaka o kona waihona a me nāʻikepili e like me ka mea kākau, ka lā o ka hoʻopuka a me ka helu o nāʻaoʻao. Ke kohoʻia ka inoa,ʻike mākou i nā kiʻi i loaʻa a loaʻa ka "kope " ia Miki, pololei?

ʻO ka lua: E lawe kākou iʻelua puke e hōʻike ai i ko kākou mau manaʻo. ʻO ke aloha nui o kā mākou palapala'āina no lailaʻaʻole mākou he mea e kahaha ai no mākou. ʻO ka lua o nā koho e pili ana i nāʻike o kā mākou hana. E nānā kāua:

Ka Honua o Maps Ma keʻano maʻalahi a me kaʻike. Inā nānā mākou i ka papa kuhikuhi whānui,ʻike mākou i kekahi mahele o nā puke i hoʻonohonoho ponoʻia e nā kumuhana. ʻOka maikaʻi e like me kahi'ōlelo kuhikuhi no nā mea hoʻomaka a hoʻomaka. Kūpono i ka manaʻo. Manaʻo kahi makemake.

Nā moʻolelo o ke kuhi kula aia i loko o ka Mokuna Miscellaneous, hiki i kēia puke heluhelu mahalo iā mākou i nā manawaʻoluʻolu a e hoʻomanaʻo pono mai iā mākou i nā moʻolelo i ola aiʻole i loheʻia e kā mākou mau hoa hana. A no ka mea ua aʻoʻia mākouʻaʻole e hāʻule ke kaliʻana,ʻo ka heluhelu e like me kēia e hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaha i ko mākou manawa leʻaleʻa. ʻO kahi makemake no ka puke.

b) nā puka puka

Hoʻolālāʻia nā Bulletins o ka IGN a me CNIG e hoʻolaha i nā hana a ka hale. Loaʻa i ka palapala PDF,ʻo ka mea hope i hoʻopukaʻia mai ka mahinaʻo Kepakemapa. E like me ka mea e manaʻoʻia ana, hiki iāʻoe ke komo i nā helu mua ma ka kohoʻana i ka makahiki a me ka mahina o ka leka hoʻomaopopo.

c)ʻO nā puka paʻi

Ke ala nei mākou i ka puka hope loa o kā mākou huakaʻi mākaʻi. Noho mālie mākou ma mua o ka holoʻana. Hōʻike lākou i loko o kēia lumi hope loa he nui kaʻike. E nānā kākou Komo mākou Aia mākou i mua o nā lumiʻehā. E hoʻomaka kākou:

c-1) Pūʻulu Pūʻulu. Inā makemakeʻoe e loaʻa ka hōʻike makahiki o nā hana i hanaʻia e ka IGN a me ka CNIG,ʻo ia ka wahi kūpono. Ke noi nei mākou no kēia mea a ke hōʻike nei lākou i ka palapala hope loa mai ka makahiki 2015.

c-2) Nā puke a me nā Seismic Bulletins. ʻOiaʻiʻo,ʻo ia ke keʻena e loaʻa ai kaʻike. E hauʻoli nā mea noiʻi i kēia manawa me ka kānaluaʻole. Ponoʻo ia e "hoʻokomo hohonu" i loko o ka waihona o nā mea heʻehā (4).

  • Nā hōʻike a me nā palapala
  • Nā papahana Seismic
  • Ke aʻoʻiaʻana o nā'ōlaʻi nui
  • Huli i nā Bulletins

Ma keʻano he kiʻi iki, hōʻike mākou i nā mea o ka "Reports and other publications" palapala:

c-3) Nā'enahana Kiʻikuhi: Papahana Hōʻike a me nā Moʻolelo (makahiki 2008). Aia kēia māhele i nā papahana papahana a me nā puke'ōlelo i'ōleloʻia e hiki ai ke kōkua i ka hoʻomākaukauʻana no ka loaʻaʻana o nā kū'ē e like me Geographical Engineer. Ke nānā hou nei i ka Bibliography, hiki iāʻoe keʻike i nā mea i paʻiʻia ma ka Pūnaewele. ʻO nā mea makemake e nānā i nā manaʻo kūpono e konoʻia e nānā houʻia:

c-4) Hōʻike. Makemakeʻoe e kiʻi i ka papa inoa o ka makahiki hou a me ka port port? ʻAe, hāʻawi ka IGN iāʻoe i mea hoʻomanaʻo o kāu huakaʻi. Nui mākou mahalo a mahalo mākou: E kiʻi i ka manawa!

ka hopena

He huakaʻi lōʻihi ia, me ke kānaluaʻole i ke alahele, keʻoluʻolu nei lākou a ke kono nei iā mākou e hoʻi i ka wā e makemake ai mākou, a mākou e mahalo nei. I kēia manawa, pono kāua e hoʻi a haʻalele iā Ibero. Heluhelu Hoi mākou me ke kūʻole. Manaʻo mākou uaʻikeʻoe i ka holo a me ka aʻo. E hoʻomanaʻo i kēia wahi www.ign.es. ʻO ka manawa hou!

Haʻalele i ka manaʻo hoʻopuka

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia pūnaewele i ka Akismet e ho'ēmi i ka spam. E aʻo pehea e hanaʻia ai kāuʻikeʻikepili.