Ke kono neiʻo Geofumadas iāʻoe eʻike i nā puke ma ka pūnaewele ma ka pukaʻo IGN Spain!

Previous:ʻO ka mālamaʻana i nā mea a pau e pili ana i ka honua a me ka hoʻolālāʻana o ka'enekeneka i kēlā me kēia'āina, ua hoʻokumuʻia nā papa hana aupuni e mālama nei i kēia hana koʻikoʻi. I kekahi mau mea e pili ana i ka 'Oihana o ka Puʻepuʻi a i' ole kekahi mea e like me ka papa hana hoʻopili o kēlā me kēia 'āina, hiki i kēia' ano o nā keʻena ke lawe i nā inoaʻokoʻa. Nolaila, ua loaa ia makou Ka Pūʻali Koa Geographic Institute(IGM) ma Ecuador aiʻole National Geographic Institute i nā ʻāina e like me Spain, Guatemala a Peru paha. ʻO kekahi, e like me ʻAmelika, i hānau ʻia ʻo IGM a ma hope ua lilo ka IGN. Akā, ʻaʻole like me ka hana a ko lākou puʻali koa, ka like ka hana like. »

ʻOiai ka hapanui o kēia mauʻokoʻa i ka pae honua āpau he wahi pūnaewele Intaneti, kahi nui loa o lākou e hoʻolako i kaʻike kūpono, kūpono a me ka pono i ka lehulehu. ma luna o nā mea a pau no ka uku.

ʻO ia ke kumu, i kēia lā, makemake mākou e hele i kahi kipa maikaʻi eʻike ai i kekahi o nā mea i hanaʻia IGN Spain Hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻohana i nā mea hoʻohana. E kipa i kahi, e hoʻohana ana i kahiʻano hilinaʻiʻole a mākou e kāhea ai 'Ibero  a me kā mākou hou Avatar (ke kiʻi ma ka'ākau), e kipa mākou i kēlā mau wahi i hoʻokomo mai ai ko mākou manaʻo a ke manaʻo nei mākou, e hoʻoneʻe iā mākou i kahi hoʻokolokolo piha loa ma hope. Heleʻoe me mākou?

ʻO ka hoʻomaka o ka huakaʻi

E komo 'Ibero pono mākou e huakaʻi ma waena o ka lewa a loaʻa iā mākou iho ma Madrid, Sepania. Ma Calle Gral. Ibáñez de Ibero, 3 28003. No laila, hoʻoponopono mākou i nā kāʻei noho, a haʻalele mākou. Wikiwiki ka huakaʻi a he mau kekona ma hope ʻike mākou i kahi.

Ua hōʻea maikaʻi mākou. E iho mākou a hoʻopuni ʻia mākou e kahi o nā hale ʻāpana kala. Puka a me nā puke e komo mai ana. ʻO nā puka aniani liʻiliʻi nona nā keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo e hoʻopau ai ka hoʻonohonoho. Hele mua mākou ma ka lānai nui a aia mākou ma mua o ka puka komo. Komo mākou. Hele mai mākou me kahi kumu i ho'ākāka ʻia, no laila, ma hope o nā ʻae kūlike e hele mākou i kahi Publications. ʻLelo lākou iā mākou aia he ala wikiwiki a pololei e hiki ai i laila. Welina mākou i ka manaʻo a ke nānā nei kā mākou nānā i ka huli ʻana i ke ala pōkole. Inā mākou e hoʻohana i ka 'palapala ʻāina maʻamau i hāʻawi ʻia i ka lehulehu e hiki mākou i kēia ala:

Hōʻike i kaʻike i mālamaʻia

Me ka manaʻo nui, hele mākou i kahi i kohoʻia ai a ma hope o ka heleʻana i kahi alahaka,ʻike mākou iʻekolu puka, kēlā me kēia me kahi hōʻailona. Pono kākou e koho i kahi e hoʻomaka me. Hoʻomaka mākou me ka mea ma ka hema:

a) Pukapuka puka

Aia mākou i mua o kahi papa e hoʻonui ana i ka nui o kāna puke i nā manawa a pau. Ua hōʻikeʻia nā kope i kēiaʻano:

I kēia manawa Nā kāʻei 28 Hiki iā lākou ke heluhelu a hoʻoukaʻia no ke kaʻawale ma nāʻano likeʻole.

Hoʻopuka mua:ʻOiaiʻo nā poʻo inoa e uhi ana i nāʻano a me nā mea likeʻole, manaʻo mākou he hiki ke hoʻohana e hoʻokaʻawale nā kope i hōʻikeʻia, he mea kōkua kēia e hoʻoikaika i ka huli:

 

waeʻano

Nā inoa

Nānā a me News · ʻO Crisis, globalisation a me nā kaulike a me nā kūlike ʻole o ka ʻāina ma Sepania
Ka palapala'āina Mea paʻi kiʻi Paniolo

· Mōʻaukala o nā kaha kiʻi paʻi kiʻi

Ka honua o nā palapala ʻāina

· Cartography o ka noho ʻāina ma Sepania. Pāhana SIose.

ʻO Geodesy a Astronomy Nā Nīnau Astronomy

Ke ana o ka Honua ma waena o 1816 a me 1855

Ka mōʻaukala · Nā Nīnau Topographic-Parcel o ka Papa Helu Heluhelu Nui i ke kaona o Almería (1867-1868)

· Nā Nīnau Topographic-Parcel o ka Papa Helu Heluhelu Nui ma ke kulanakauhale o Soria (1867-1869)

· Ka Urban Planimetry o Granada i huki ʻia e ka General Statistics Board (1867-1868): kahi papahana pau ʻole

· ʻO nā Kālā Nui Cartographic Nui o ke kenekulia XNUMX. ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona o ka ʻāina ma Castilla y León

Nā palapala ʻāina a me nā mea paʻi kiʻi i ke Kaua Kivila Sepania (1936-1939)

· Ka planimetry o Madrid i ke kenekulia XIX

· Ka Mōʻaukala o ka Demarcation o ka palena ʻo Hispano-Palani: Mai ke kuʻikahi o nā Pyrenees (1659) a i nā kuʻikahi o Bayonne (1856-1868)

Miscellaneous Nā Moʻolelo o kahi Kahua Ana

ʻO ka huakaʻi i ka Sierra de Segura

Mai ke kai a Venus

Nā kānāwai Alakaʻi Kūlana

Lakina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Metadata Hōʻike 2

Seismicity · Theory e pili ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā nalu seismic. Nalu Lg

· Hoʻohou i nā palapala ʻāina mōʻī seismic o Sepania 2012

IDEE - Kālailaiʻikepili hōkū · III ʻO ka hālāwai kūkā Iberian ma nā hanana ʻike mokulele (2012)

ʻO ka hālāwai IV Iberian ma nā ʻikepili ʻike mokulele (2013)

Hoʻolauna i nā Infrastructure Data Spatial

Blog IDEE, 1000 kiʻi

· Nā Kumumanaʻo o nā Infrastructure Data Spatial

Toponymy Nā Alakaʻi Toponymic no ka hoʻohana honua no nā mea paʻi palapala ʻāina a me nā paʻi ʻē aʻe

· Toponymy: Nā kūlana no MTN25. Manaʻo manaʻo a me ka terminology

Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia leo kahi "faila waihona" pili e hāʻawi iā mākou i kahi wehewehe pōkole o kāna ʻike a me nā ʻikepili e like me ka mea kākau, Ka lā o ka Edition a me ka helu o nā ʻaoʻao Ke koho ʻia ke poʻo inoa, ʻike mākou i nā ʻano i loaʻa a loaʻa kahi "kope " ia Miki, pololei?

ʻO ka lua: E lawe kākou iʻelua puke e hōʻike ai i ko kākou mau manaʻo. ʻO ke aloha nui o kā mākou palapala'āina no lailaʻaʻole mākou he mea e kahaha ai no mākou. ʻO ka lua o nā koho e pili ana i nāʻike o kā mākou hana. E nānā kāua:

Ka Honua o Maps Ma keʻano maʻalahi a me kaʻike. Inā nānā mākou i ka papa kuhikuhi whānui,ʻike mākou i kekahi mahele o nā puke i hoʻonohonoho ponoʻia e nā kumuhana. ʻOka maikaʻi e like me kahi'ōlelo kuhikuhi no nā mea hoʻomaka a hoʻomaka. Kūpono i ka manaʻo. Manaʻo kahi makemake.

Nā moʻolelo o ke kuhi kula aia i loko o ka Mokuna Miscellaneous, hiki i kēia puke heluhelu mahalo iā mākou i nā manawaʻoluʻolu a e hoʻomanaʻo pono mai iā mākou i nā moʻolelo i ola aiʻole i loheʻia e kā mākou mau hoa hana. A no ka mea ua aʻoʻia mākouʻaʻole e hāʻule ke kaliʻana,ʻo ka heluhelu e like me kēia e hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaha i ko mākou manawa leʻaleʻa. ʻO kahi makemake no ka puke.

 

b) nā puka puka

Hoʻolālāʻia nā Bulletins o ka IGN a me CNIG e hoʻolaha i nā hana a ka hale. Loaʻa i ka palapala PDF,ʻo ka mea hope i hoʻopukaʻia mai ka mahinaʻo Kepakemapa. E like me ka mea e manaʻoʻia ana, hiki iāʻoe ke komo i nā helu mua ma ka kohoʻana i ka makahiki a me ka mahina o ka leka hoʻomaopopo.

 

c)ʻO nā puka paʻi

Ke ala nei mākou i ka puka hope loa o kā mākou huakaʻi mākaʻi. Noho mālie mākou ma mua o ka holoʻana. Hōʻike lākou i loko o kēia lumi hope loa he nui kaʻike. E nānā kākou Komo mākou Aia mākou i mua o nā lumiʻehā. E hoʻomaka kākou:

c-1) Pūʻulu Pūʻulu. Inā makemakeʻoe e loaʻa ka hōʻike makahiki o nā hana i hanaʻia e ka IGN a me ka CNIG,ʻo ia ka wahi kūpono. Ke noi nei mākou no kēia mea a ke hōʻike nei lākou i ka palapala hope loa mai ka makahiki 2015.

c-2) Nā puke a me nā Seismic Bulletins. ʻOiaʻiʻo,ʻo ia ke keʻena e loaʻa ai kaʻike. E hauʻoli nā mea noiʻi i kēia manawa me ka kānaluaʻole. Ponoʻo ia e "hoʻokomo hohonu" i loko o ka waihona o nā mea heʻehā (4).

  • Nā hōʻike a me nā palapala
  • Nā papahana Seismic
  • Ke aʻoʻiaʻana o nā'ōlaʻi nui
  • Huli i nā Bulletins

Ma keʻano he kiʻi iki, hōʻike mākou i nā mea o ka "Reports and other publications" palapala:

c-3) Nā'enahana Kiʻikuhi: Papahana Hōʻike a me nā Moʻolelo (makahiki 2008). Aia kēia māhele i nā papahana papahana a me nā puke'ōlelo i'ōleloʻia e hiki ai ke kōkua i ka hoʻomākaukauʻana no ka loaʻaʻana o nā kū'ē e like me Geographical Engineer. Ke nānā hou nei i ka Bibliography, hiki iāʻoe keʻike i nā mea i paʻiʻia ma ka Pūnaewele. ʻO nā mea makemake e nānā i nā manaʻo kūpono e konoʻia e nānā houʻia:

c-4) Hōʻike. Makemakeʻoe e kiʻi i ka papa inoa o ka makahiki hou a me ka port port? ʻAe, hāʻawi ka IGN iāʻoe i mea hoʻomanaʻo o kāu huakaʻi. Nui mākou mahalo a mahalo mākou: E kiʻi i ka manawa!

ka hopena

He huakaʻi lōʻihi ia, me ke kānaluaʻole i ke alahele, keʻoluʻolu nei lākou a ke kono nei iā mākou e hoʻi i ka wā e makemake ai mākou, a mākou e mahalo nei. I kēia manawa, pono kāua e hoʻi a haʻalele iā Ibero. Heluhelu Hoi mākou me ke kūʻole. Manaʻo mākou uaʻikeʻoe i ka holo a me ka aʻo. E hoʻomanaʻo i kēia wahi www.ign.es. ʻO ka manawa hou!

Waiho i kahi pane

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia pūnaewele i ka Akismet e ho'ēmi i ka spam. E aʻo pehea e hanaʻia ai kāuʻikeʻikepili.