BIM - ka irreversible kū i ke au o ka CAD

Ma ka pōʻaiapili o Geo-Engineering,ʻaʻole ia he moʻolelo hou BIMʻia (Ke kūkuluʻana i nāʻIkeʻike), eʻaeʻia ai keʻano hoʻohālikelikeʻia nā mea likeʻole,ʻaʻole wale ma kā lākou kiʻi pāʻani wale nō akā ma nāʻano likeʻole o ke ola. O ia hoʻi, i ke alanui, he uwapo, he nohona kiwikā, he Canal, he hale, mai ka hapai ana i i ka mooolelo ia e hōʻike ana i kekahi mau kona manao, no? Ieoaeunoaa kaʻina hana, me ka hoohuoi ana i ka 'āina, hana, hoʻohana, e ae mai, ka mālama, hoʻololi, ka waiwai kālā i ka manawa a me ka wāwahi.

E ho ohana i ke kokoke ana o theorists ka poe i geofumando i kēia mea, i ke ala o ka maturation BIM ua pili me ka holomua o nā manaʻo pono e hoʻomōhala i nā uea 'o ka ipu, e paʻa a me ka' ike'ōnaehana (hou a me na), manaʻo o nā kūlana o ka honua, nā hananaʻikepili a me keʻano hoʻohālikelike o nāʻano likeʻole e pili ana i ka hoʻolālāʻana o ka'āina. BIM mea he hana nui loa e hiki i kekahi manawa, i ka wa e komo i loko o ka waiwai kūʻiʻoo pilina me PLM (Product Lifecycle Management), ma ka manufacturing a me nā lawelawe hana imi e kahu ai i ka like nae i pono laulā kalapona nā geospatial helehelena.

A wahi o ka hoʻohui o kēia mau? Ooia (BIM + PLM) o ka manaʻo o ke akamai kulanakauhale (akamai Cities), kahi loa nui poʻe e ana aku, no ia mea, i ka manaʻo koi o ka nui na kulanakauhale e like me irreversibility i ka inexhaustible kanaka ingenuity ma ka 'epekema a me ka' ike loea hou noi i ka hooholo ana hana.

Eia kekahi mau walaʻauʻana mea, a hana 'ia he ma BIM a me kona pili iʻanoʻenehana hana o ka mahaloia ana.

Pae o ka BIM

Bew a Richards theorize ala hele BIM maturation i eha pae, a me ka 'Aʻohe' ilikai, e like me ka ike i loko o ka pakuhi. Clarifying i keia mea he ala mai ke kuanaʻike o ke kūlanaʻano,ʻaʻole no ka nui global hookamaia, mea koe nui e olelo ai.

akamai kulanakauhale

BIM Level 0 (CAD).

Ua pili kēia i ka Computer Assided Design, iʻikeʻia mai ka hiʻohiʻona mua a mākou iʻike ai i nā makahiki o 80. No kēlā mau manawa, pono e lawe i nā kiʻiʻoihana i hanaʻia ma nā papa kiʻi kiʻi, i nā papa kuʻuna. Ano he kumu hoʻohālike e hoʻomanaʻo i ka hanau ana o AutoCAD a me Microstation i kēia mau lā, me ka detracting tak kanaka nunui ka anu u, i mea akā, kiʻi; ua'ōleloʻia kona mau hoʻopauʻana (DWG Drawing, DGN Hoahoa). Paha ka mea wale lako polokalamu i i mua visualized ma'ō aku i hope 1987 olelo ArchiCADʻike kamepiula Building me ka hoʻowahāwahā i ka Hunakalia kumu i loko o makahiki o ka Hawaii War. I loko o kēia kahua mālama 'georeferencedʻikepili mai nā palapala noi i pili i ka papahana hooponopono ana, e like me budgeting, hoʻolālā, loio'ōnaehana, etc. ua komo pū

BIM Level 1 (2D, 3D).

Kēia ka hana i loko o kaʻumi makahiki i hala iho nei, ma ka waiwai nui workspace ano e kapaia 2D. olalo? ieoaeunoai i haawi pokole 3D,ʻoiai i loko o kona kahua o ka hoʻonaʻauao kakahiaka, ua hiki no i ka mea i hooluhi e hana ia me AutoCAD a me Microstation J. R13 i he 'ia o ka ekolu-dimensional hana, akā, koe vectors haku o arcs, aka wahi, a me ka maka groupings o kēia mau mea. Ma ka hihia o AutoDesk, SoftDesk wale nō i noniakahi manaÿo e like surfaces mai AutoCAD 2014 me i alanui mau manao a me ka māhele Ka Ikepili i i, akā, ka mea ma kona kua heʻeleʻele pahu pāʻoihana e like EaglePoint i hou 'lei". Microstation ua hookomoia Triforma, Geopack a AutoPlant ma lalo o ka like ke kūpili, me ka māhele nā ​​loulou-loulou 'ano engeneering ole kona manaʻo ma kūlanaʻano.

Kēiaʻumi makahiki, hoʻowahāwahā i ka mea, ua hiki ke hoʻomaopopo i nā Ke Ana Hoʻohālike a me nā ana hōʻike mea hapai ana i ka mea i kekahi mau mea, hoʻoikaika ihola hoʻohui 'me ka vertical pāʻoihana no AEC loaa mai kolu aoao, a me kuhikuhipuʻuone,? Ieoaeunoai, Geospatial hana, Manufacturing a me ka pāpaho.

AutoDesk aʻole i olelo o BIM, e kuai i Revit ma 2002, akā, me ka hoʻohui 'ia o pāʻoihana like Civil3D e lawe nui ana. No ka Bentley mea nui hoʻokomo o XFM XML (Extensible makamake nui hōʻikeʻia nani) ma Microstation 2004 a me ka manawa o ka hoʻololi ike like XM i loaa like Heastad kolu o ka aoao paepae ai, hipa kāne, Staad, Optram, Speedikon, ProSteel, PlantWise, RM- ʻO ka Bridge Bridge a me HevaComp. Ma 2008 Bentley Microstation OOOXO V8i, ma ka oo XFM i I-ka hana kumu hoʻohālike like hae.

BIM Level 2 (BIMs, 4D, 5 D)

bim

Ka loa paʻakikī i keia kahua o BIM Level 2 i Ua kūlanaʻano; oi loa aku hoi, mai ka manawa kekahi poe i na monkeys, a makemake i ka puʻe wale mai kekahi poe e ae, e hana i ko lakou mau manao wale. Ma ka hihia o ka lako polokalamu no geospatial ke kahua, ka mea, ua Ua noa lako polokalamu i i i ka ikaika no ka kūlanaʻano a hiki i ke degere o ka manaʻo ma ia manawa ho i ka Open Geospatial Network OGC. Akā, i loko o ka CAD-BIM kahua, aohe i ua ole OpenSource Initiative, ia ia i ka la i ka wale noa lako polokalamu mea LibreCAD Loaʻaʻia e oʻo, i ka pono ma ka pae 1 -Inā'a'ole ka ha'alele'ana i ka 0 Level. Ua hoʻokuʻu nā kamaliʻi kūʻokoʻa i nā mana kūikawā, akā, ua lohi ka hoʻolālāʻana i ka BIM, ma ka leo o kekahi ma muli o ka monopoly imperialist.

Me ka nui loa, i ka makana o ke Beritania, i kona maʻa ka hana kokoke e pau hewa, i alakai i ka Beritania Koo, e like me BS1192 nā loina: BS2007 a me 7000: 4; He mau mea kahiko kēia mai nā papa pepa pepa i ka BIM Level 1. 8541, a ma kēiaʻumi makahiki BS2: a BS1192 2: 1192 i loko o ka mīkini ho, a me ka BS3 ikeia.

He mea maopopo ke kumu i hana ai'o BentleySystems i ka Hui Ho'ohālike o ka makahiki a me kāna ho'oholo ma Lākana,'o 2013, 2014, 2015 a me 2016 makahiki; A me ka loa'a'ana o nā'oihana me nā waihona ki'eki'e o nā po'e Pelekane -Ke'a'a nei au e no'ono'o e pili ana i ka ne'e'ana o ke ke'ena nui o Europa mai Holland a Ireland-.

Eia hoi, mau i loko o ka? Aieao o ka OGC ka mea, ua i holo nei me kekahi mau consensual ae mau hae pahuna ma BIM, ka oi aku o ka GML, ka hoʻokikina examples e like InfraGML, CityGML a me UrbanGML.

Oiai he nuiʻikena hooikaika ana i loko o kēiaʻumi makahiki ka BIM Level 2 hoao e hiki lifecycle Ke Ana Hoʻohālike'ōnaehana nō,ʻaʻole hiki ke manao ia hulina a ana hōʻike a me nā poʻokela aie me 4D a me 5D me iaaiey Ke Kūkulu a me ka Hoʻolālā Dynamic. Kū i ke au i loko o ka hoʻohui o nā hoʻopaʻi 'ana, ua notorious hoʻokuʻi pū / āpana o ka poe a holistic hihiʻo kūlanaʻano.

Ka Papa Hana BIM 3 (Ka ho'okomo'ana, ka lawelawe'ana i ka'ōnaehana, 6D)

'O ka māhele o ka ho'ohui'ana i mana'o'ia i ka Pānana BIM Level 3, ma hope o 2020 i loa'a kahi mau mana'o ho'ona'auao e like me nā kūlana: Data Data (IFC). Nā'ōlelo wehewehe'ōlelo ma'amau (IDM) a me nā hana ma'amau (IFD).

akamai kulanakauhale

'O ka ho'ohālikelike o ka Cycycle Life e alaka'i'ia ai Pūnaewele o nā mea (IOT), Ma kahi i kūlike'ole ai ka'ili o ka'āina, akā,'o nā lako hana a me nā mea hana a pau o nā hale, nā mea i ho'ohana'ia no ka lawe'ana i nā ukana, nā waiwai o ka hale, nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe, a me nā mea a pau o ka hale. 'O ke ola e pili ana i nā hana a ka lehulehu a me nā kuleana kūikawā o nā mea nona, Gliders, Designers a Investors.

Ma ka hihia o Bentley Systems, hoʻomanaʻo wau i kaʻikeʻana mai nā hōʻike 2013 ma Lākana,ʻo ka hoʻohuiʻana o nā papahanaʻelua o ka Cycle Definition Cycle:

  • PIM (Model Model Information) Breef - Definition - Definition - Design -? Ieoaeunoai / Kuleana - Delivery / Close
  • AIM ('āina Information Model) Hana - E ho ohana i

He hihiʻo maikaʻi ia, e noʻonoʻo i kēia mau hiʻohiʻona o ka makahiki heʻumi e hiki mai ana, akā, no ka hoʻonuiʻana i ka hoʻomehanaʻana i ka pilina. I loko nō e loaa ana na vertical pāʻoihana, alakaʻi lawelawe hoʻohui Edition hana aku ana Hub i loko o ka hookahi nā papa hana no ka mea Microstation i ka hōʻikeʻia nani kila, ProjectWise ka herrameinta papahana hooponopono a me AssetWise Management Hana 'Ōlelo hana 1192 :, e lawe mai ana i ka nui, Opex a me Capex BS3 pili koke nō i elua.

Ua ua no hoi i manaoia e ma keia ke kahua o kaʻikepili ua noʻonoʻo me ka pono, a pono kaha no ka hoi o ka makana, kūlanaʻano e e piha usable, a me ka papa i ka mea i loaʻa i loko o ka makemake-manawa kūlana me ka mahuahua consumer komo.

Akamai Cities o ka lure o BIM

akamai kulanakauhaleKa hakaka ana o BIM Level 3 mea i ka hoʻopaʻi 'ana converge hou ka hoʻohana' ana waihona format Ka akā, ma lawelawe, mai BIM-Hubs. An hana hoihoi 'hoounauna ia e ia i ke akamai Cities, o ka i mua hoʻohana hihia like Compenhague, Singapoore, Johannesburg e ho'āʻo hana hoihoi' e merge i ka e-aupuni me ka g.-Aupuni, ina ua ae mau hua'ōlelo. Akā, ia mea no hoi he hana hoihoi hakaka i loko o ia 'ia BIM Level 3, a pau kanaka haʻawina ua hoohalike. Kēia 'o ia hoʻi ia, ao ke ano e like me waiwai, ka hoʻonaʻauao, ola,' ia, i loko o ka wa ua hoʻopili i ka'ōnaehana kalapona komo pū. O ka holo ana, eʻaʻoleʻike mākou i kēia mau loiloi kino i loko o kēiaʻumi makahiki, ia mea questionable paha a hiki mai i maoli ia i loko o ka meakino makahiki, e manao ana i ka pono kīvila i mea e hamama ai? Ienoai i loko o ka mea e like ai o ke ola o ka poʻe i noho ma o keia Honua -aiʻole ma nā liʻiliʻi paha o kēlā mau kūlanakauhale- a me ka loaa o ka poho i ka global kaiaola -i ka mea, aole i hilinaʻi ma luna o kekahi mau kulanakauhale-.

I loko nō o ka akamai Cities i ole e puni ke kihi, ka mea, ua akāka nō mea e hanaia me ka nui poʻe i ka pāʻana 'enehana.

HEXAGON, a me ka 'āpana o ka poe e like me Leica hiki mana i kaʻikepili ka hopu i loko o ke kula, a me ka' āpana o Intergraph ERDAS + hiki mana i ka māhele hōʻikeʻia nani, ua manawa ana i kekahi hana kupua hoʻokokoke mai nei me AutoDesk, e kū i ka manao, hana a me ka wikiō. ʻAʻole e'ōlelo aku i nā hui a pau i komo i loko o kēlā kumumanaʻo, kahi e kuhikuhi ai i ka mea like.

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao,ʻo Bentley ke kumu, ka hana a me nā holomua o kahi kūlana o ke Kūkulu, Architecture, Civil Civil Engineering industry. Eia naʻe, 'aʻole Bentley i manao ia e hoihoi i ka aihue makahiki i' ē aʻe, a me ka ike pehea 'aʻole kuikahi me Trimble kūʻai Aneane pau nā kānaka hoʻokūkū e pili ana i ka hooponopono a me ka hōʻikeʻia nani kahua, Siemens i ke kiʻekiʻe hooponopono o ka manufacturing, a Microsoft makemake e neʻe i ka'enepiliʻikepili -Not ia e haʻalele mai, no ka mea, ma keia hihio a puni, ua hele lilo kou Windows + Office-

Where ke ike, nui poʻe e Piliwaiwai i ka BIM no kā lākou imminent Loaʻaʻia i loko o nā koʻi lipi ekolu e hoʻoneʻe i ka hana o ke aloha e ka iʻa Cities: Media-i? Iecaianoaaiiuo, lako hou aeuiiai ieaia? A HOU i hou koi no huahana / lawelawe. O ka holo ana, e kanaka nunui i na kupu nui align ālai 'e like me ESRI, IBM, kahi e'ōlelo ai, Amazon, Google, e inoa kekahi o ka poe i ike i hoihoi i loko o kou mau akamai Cities i hāpai'.

Ua maopopo i kaʻoihana'ē aʻe ka Smart Cities, ma lalo o ka hoʻohuiʻana o ka BIM + PLM ma kahi o Microsoft e lawe i ka 95% o ka mākaʻi. He hōʻailona nui loa kēia, hiki keʻikeʻia paha e waihoʻia nā hui i piliʻole i kēia hana ma CAD, nā pepa Excel a me nā pūnaewele CRM pani. ʻO nāʻoihana e hoʻokomoʻia ana,ʻaʻole ia i loko o ka nohona olana o Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO); ka poe i ka pāʻana'ē aʻe kanaka hana ma lalo o ka georeferenced kaiapili-yeiiiie? aneiai hoʻokokoke mai, e like me manufacturing, e-ke aupuni, nā lawelawe kaiāulu e, mahiʻai? iecaianoaaiiuo, a oi loa aku hoi i ka hooponopono ana o ka ikaika a me ka kumu waiwai.

E hoʻokomoʻia ka GIS i loko o ka BIM ma lalo o kaʻike o Smart Cities. Ka mea, i kēia manawa aneane merged i loko o ka hopu a me kaʻikepili hōʻikeʻia nani, akā, ka mea, manao iho la nae lakou i kekahi mau manao; no ka hoohalike hōʻikeʻia nani aeuiiai ieaia? mea,ʻaʻole no ka GIS, akā, ka mea, ua mahalo hana kūikawā ma ka Ikepili a me ka hōʻikeʻia nani o ka lewa mea, ma ka huina nā mea e hiki wale mai i loko o nā kumu waiwai i maoli ana, a me ka laulā o ka honua sciences. Noonoo pono i ka ono o ka Ana (6D) i ka manawa o ka akamai kulanakauhale, quantify, hoʻohana, me hoʻopōʻaiapuni a me ka hoʻomakaʻia ka ikehu e e nui, a lailaʻoe e pono uea 'i kēia manawa me ka nui GIS hana kūikawā. Akā, e kālailai i ka 'auhau, e paha i ka wai, mai kekahi pa holoi, e ike i ka nui o hana ua koi' ia no ka cubic mika o ka pōhaku puna, he mea he weliweli nahā i; e hoʻopihapihaʻia i ka hiki i ka hoʻokomoʻiaʻana o ka hana ma keʻano he māhele kaʻahele o kēia mauʻoihanaʻelua.

Ma ka hopena.

oe egeomatesNui aʻe nā mea e kamaʻilio e pili ana, a ke manaʻo nei wau e hoʻomau i ka hoʻohuliʻana i kēia kumuhana. No ka manawa, 'Oihana Geo-enekinia mākou i ka hakaka ana o aligning ia makou iho i irreversible, a aʻo mai ka oaoieei-iliwai, no ka mea, mea nō questionable ina ka Roadmap e hoʻokō BIM hiki ke hana me ka kaukaʻi Hoʻoulu Manaʻo ua alakai. No, no ka mea BIM mea e e wehe mai o nā kuanaʻike: One o na mea e hana ai i loko o ka oaoieei-, nā hana, hana ana 'ilikai, me ka manao i ke kuleana, a laila, i ke kuanaʻike o ka aupuni, ka mea i' upu 'nui pōkole huahelu , e poina ana i ko lākou mau papa hana maʻamau pinepine pinepine loa. Eia hou kekahi, no ka poʻe i loko o nā kūlanakauhale i manaʻo ke ano o ka iʻa Cities, ia mea kaʻenaʻena ia i ka pulakaumaka ma luna o kanaka, aole ma ka 'enehana.

???? Inā keia ha i ka oiaio, i ka moe makemake oiaio mua e hele mai i ka hele ana i kekahi o kaʻu mau mentors, ka mea i manaolana 3,000 aa o ka ulu lāʻau i kanuʻia Mahogany me ka palapala ola kalapona pili me kona ulu ana; no laila hiki iā ia ke hele i kaʻae a me ka moraki i ka papa mua e hoʻonui i ke kālā. I nā makahiki 20 hiki iāʻoe ke hoʻokahi miliona mau minuka mika o kahi waiwai e hiki ai iāʻoe ke pale i ka hoʻomahaʻole wale nō, akā,ʻo ka hōʻai'ē'ē aʻe o kou'āina.

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