Kumu ma nā Geometry Kānāwai.

He aha ka mea e manaʻo ai mai ka Haku ma nā Geometry Legal.

Ma loko o ka mōʻaukala ua hoʻoholo ʻia ka cadastre waiwai ma ke ʻano pono hana no ka hoʻokele ʻāina, mahalo i kēia, loaʻa nā kaukani a me ka ʻikepili kino e pili ana i kahi ʻāina. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua ʻike mākou i kēia mau lā ka Kumu ma nā Geometry Kānāwai, kahi papahana hoihoi o ke Kula Nui Polytechnic o Valencia, a paipai ʻia e ke Kula ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe ʻo Geodetic, Cartographic a me Topographic Engineering. ʻIke ka hoʻokomo ʻana o kēia huaʻōlelo "Geometry Legal", no laila ua ʻike mākou i kekahi o nā lunamakaʻāinana o kēia Haku e wehewehe i nā kānalua i hiki mai me kāna wehewehe.

La ʻO Kauka Natalia Garrido Guillén, ka luna o ka Haku a me ka lālā o ka 'Oihana Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy a me Photogrammetry o ke Kulanui Politècnica de València, e hōʻike i nā kumu o ka Haku, nā mea kōkua i komo i kēia papahana, a me nā kumu i hoʻokumu ʻia ai.

Geometry Kānāwai

Hoʻomaka mākou me kahi wehewehe maʻamau, inā mākou e ʻimi i ka manawa "Geometry Loio" ma ka pūnaewele ua wehewehe ʻia e like me ka hoʻohui o ka makemakika i ke kānāwai, ʻoi aku ka kikoʻī o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi geometric e hana i nā palena. ʻ tellslelo mai ʻo Kauka Garrido iā mākou he pololei kēia wehewehe ʻana.

ʻO ke kānāwai Geometry kikoʻī ia, ʻo ka ʻimi no ka hoʻohui o Law ma nā kaʻina hana loea o ka palena o ka waiwai, ʻoiai kēia, waiwai, ʻaʻohe mea akā he hana kū kānāwai. ʻO ka nīnau e waiho ana i ka lewa e ʻike inā hoʻokomo ʻia kēia wehewehe e pili ana i ka laulā o ka hana a ka cadastre. ʻ commentslelo ʻo Natalia ma kekahi ʻano ʻae - ʻane like ia me ka cadastre -, akā kikoʻī ʻia ma Sepania, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe cadastre geometric ma laila, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia ka palapala ʻāina e ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā piko mai ka palena.

Eia kekahi, ʻimi ʻo ia e hoʻopili, me ka lohi o ʻelima mau makahiki, i kēlā pono e hoʻohui i nā honua ʻelua. A keʻimi nei ia iā ia ma ke kuhi ʻana ʻo nā loea ka mea i alakaʻi i kēia hoʻohuihui, ʻoiai he kūpono ia i loaʻa kahi kikoʻī maʻamau i ka geometry parcel. No laila, ʻae, ua haku ʻia i loko o ka ʻaoʻao kānāwai, akā me ka manaʻo o, ma o kēia hoʻohui ʻana, e pīpī i ka ʻauhau ʻauhau kālā ma o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mea hope i ka mea mua. Hoʻohui ʻia, hoʻohui ʻia e pili i nā waiwai lehulehu a me nā pono pilikino. Ma ke kaʻapuni ʻana i ka waiwai, hiki iā ia ke hoʻohana pilikino ʻia a me ka lehulehu a, i nā kūlana ʻelua, i ka nui o nā mea hiki.

Este Kēkelē laeoʻo He noi kālaiʻike o ka Univesitat Politècnica de València, ʻoiai ʻo nā Registrars i hōʻike i kā lākou kākoʻo iā ia, ma nā ʻōlelo honua he hana ʻenehana kāna, a no laila ka Spanish Association of Expert Geometricians ua hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo. Eia nō naʻe, a me ka manaʻo e ʻimi i ka launa kūpono me nā luna loio, ua hoʻāʻo ʻia e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka papahana i nā ʻikepili ʻokoʻa. ʻO ia ke kumu i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ai ke kekelē laeoʻo i ʻelua mau kekelē ʻokoʻa i loko o ke kula, ʻoiai lākou hoihoi e like me ka mea holoʻokoʻa, e ʻōlelo ana kekahi i ka ʻenehana aʻoi aku i ka ʻekahi ma ke kānāwai wale nō, me ka manaʻo e hiki ke kōkua i ka ʻike kumu o nā jurist ʻelua, i ʻo ka hihia mua, e like me nā ʻenehana, i ka lua.

E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia e Dr. Garrido, hiki i ka ʻaoʻao hoihoi ke koho i waena o kāna mau kekelē ʻē aʻe: Diploma of specialization in Legal Geometries, University Expert in Georeferencing and Master in Legal Geometries. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka poʻe makemake e loaʻa ke poʻo inoa o ka University Expert ma Georeferencing, e pili ana i ka ʻāpana mokuna o ka Haku, pono wale nō e hele i ka module II, kikoʻī ʻia nā kumuhana Topography, Geodesy, Cartography a me Geographic Information Systems i noi ʻia i ka waiwai.

I ka hihia o ka diploma o ka hana pilikino i nā Geometry Legal, Module I a me ka Module III e pono e hala. I mea e hoʻokō ai i nā pahuhopu hoʻopaʻa, e loaʻa nā mea noi i nā papa ma o ka pūnaewele - i lawe ʻia e videoconferensi i ka manawa maoli-; a ma hope hoʻopaʻa ʻia e kiʻi i ke ʻano lohi.

I kēia manawa e nānā, ʻo ke kumu o ka Haku no ka mea puka e loaʻa nā pono pono e hana i kahi palena geometric o ka waiwai no ka cadastral a i ʻole ke kākau inoa, ua hoʻokumu maopopo lākou i ka ʻāpana spatial, no laila no kēia, he mea nui ka cartography a me nā geomatics. Kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Garrido ʻaʻole hiki ke wehewehe i kahi geometry waiwai, me nā hopena e loaʻa iā ia e pili ana i ka hakakā a me ka maluhia o ka nohona me ka loaʻa ʻole o nā ala kūpono, nā ʻenehana a me nā ʻike e pili ana i kēia, nā Topography, Cartography, Geodesy a me nā ʻōnaehana ʻike ʻāina.

Pēlā nō, ke kahakaha nei ia, ʻoiai mākou i kahi manawa ke pili ana mākou i ka cadastre 3D, ʻaʻole i kau ʻia ke kēkelē o ka haku i kahi intervene cadastral, ʻoiai e loaʻa nā ʻaoʻao e hoʻopili iā ia. I kēlā me kēia hihia, a ʻoiai ʻo nā hui o ka honua, e like me ka FIG, ke pili nei i ke ʻano 3D Cadastre ma kahi o ʻumi mau makahiki, i Sepania ke hoʻomaka nei e hoʻokō ʻia i kēia manawa, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke kamaʻilio i kēia pilikia kikoʻī. ʻO ka mea a kēia haku e kamaʻilio ai i nā ʻaoʻao o nā kuleana maoli a me nā palena palena o ka hoʻokele e hāʻule ma luna o nā mea geospatial, a no laila hāʻawi i ka manaʻo i ka cadastre 3d ma mua o kahi representatio ʻekolu wale nō.

Ma kēia manawa ua ʻike mākou e pili ana ka Haku i nā ʻoihana e makemake e loaʻa i kahi hoʻomaʻamaʻa laulā -legal a me ka ʻenehana- no ka ka palena palena kūpono o ka waiwaiNo laila, wehewehe ʻo ia i kēia huaʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he komo o ka ʻenehana nāna e hāʻawi i ka maopopo, ka hilinaʻi a me ka hōʻoia ʻana i ke kuleana no ka hana wehewehe geometric; kekahi mea, ʻoiai he mea kupaianaha ia, ʻaʻole ia he koi nui i Sepania.

I kekahi ʻaoʻao, aia nā hemahema nui i ka palena o ka waiwai, no laila, ʻo ka hakahaka kumu e hoʻopiha ai ka nele o kahi ʻike loea me ka ʻike ākea o ke kānāwai. Kekahi mea kanalua pono inā mākou e noʻonoʻo i kēlā waiwai he mea ia i kū mai ke Kānāwai a hoʻopili mau ʻia e ia - nā palena palena kānāwai, nā hoʻokele hoʻokele, nā ʻano kaona, nā ʻauhau ʻauhau, a pēlā aku.

E kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā hoʻololi wikiwiki o ka ʻenehana (ʻike maoli, hoʻonui ʻia, Iot) a me ka hoʻomohala / hoʻohana ākea, akā naʻe, maopopo ʻole ka hāʻawi a ka Haku i ka wā uila ʻehā. I ka manawa mua a hāʻawi ʻia ia, e like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia, he palena palena kā ka 4D Cadastre ma Sepania, ma muli o ka hoʻopili wale ʻia ʻana o nā mea ʻekolu dimensional me ka ʻole o ka wehewehe kānāwai e launa pū me ko lākou kaiapuni, a ʻo kahi laʻana o kēia mau ʻano a pau. kāhiko nona ka ʻaʻohe hopena hoʻohui e pale aku iā lākou. Pēlā nō, nā loea, nā mea i lalo o ka honua, he hopena kū kānāwai a me ke kino i nā waiwai pilikino a me nā lehulehu, a no laila he mea nui e noʻonoʻo i nā noi maoli i hoʻonui ʻia. No laila, ʻo ka hoʻohui ʻia o nā kaʻina hana geometry kū kānāwai me BIM a me nā ʻano like me kahi wahi e ʻimi ai

Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ke kumu o ka "Legal Geometry", ua ʻōlelo ʻo Natalia iā mākou e pili ana i ka interoperability a me ka palekana o ka ʻikepili, e hoʻokū ana i ka geometry loio i mea hana no ka loaʻa ʻana, ka hana ʻana, ka hana ʻana a me ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me ke kino. ʻO ka ʻōnaehana e hoʻopuni nei i kēia ʻike a me kāna hoʻolaha ʻana he noi ia e manaʻo mākou he kuleana no nā aupuni e hoʻomohala.

ʻO kēia ʻōnaehana i kēia manawa ma Sepania, ua hoʻopuehu ʻia i waena o nā hui like ʻole, e like me ka cadastre, nā papa inoa waiwai, nā hui hoʻolālā kūlanakauhale kūloko, a me nā ʻāpana o nā ʻāpana (nā mea nona ka inoa aupuni). ʻO ka ʻike o ka kekelē laeoʻo e hāʻawi i nā mākau e ʻike kikoʻī i ka interoperability o kēia ʻōnaehana i kūpono ʻole no ka noi ʻana ia i ka wā pōkole, akā e paipai hoʻi i nā hoʻomaikaʻi i ka wā waena a me ka wā lōʻihi.

E ʻōlelo mākou a laila hele mai Geometry Kānāwai e hoʻonohonoho i kahi nui o nā ʻikepili kaʻawale, hānai ʻia i kahi ala hele a ʻaʻohe kumu kikoʻī. No La ka manaʻo no ka pono pono o ka papahana Hui Paniolo o Expert Geometrists i hānai i kahi ʻona ʻike hūnā ʻole ʻia no ke kula ʻoihana Higher o Geodetic, Cartographic and Topographic Engineering o ka Polytechnic University of Valencia. Ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i ka hiki, ua hāpai ʻo ia i ka hiki ke hoʻomohala i kāna kekelē ponoʻī ma waena o kāna pae kula e ʻimi ai i kēia mākeke e pono ai.

Ma ke ʻano he kekelē laeoʻo e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka poʻe loea, he loea nā kumu i nā kumuhana a lākou e aʻo ai, inā he kumu kula nui lākou (mai ke Kula Nui Polytechnic o Valencia a me ke Kulanui o Valencia), a i ʻole inā no nā hui kūhelu lākou (National Geographic Institute , Kakau Kuleana, Cadastre ...), a i ʻole ka honua o ka hana. I kēia ʻano, i mea e kōkua ai i ka launa ʻana me ka hana o nā haumāna, e lawe ʻia nā papa e ke kahe ʻana a e hoʻopaʻa ʻia no ka nānā lohi ʻana.

E pili ana i nā kōkua kālā a i ʻole nā ​​haʻawina haumana, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Garrido, "I kēia manawa ʻaʻohe kōkua o kēia ʻano, no ka mea he mākia ia no ke Kulanui Polytechnic o Valencia, ʻaʻole kūpono ia no nā kōkua kūhelu." Hiki i ka ʻaoʻao hoihoi kākau inoa Mai ka pūnaewele o ka haku, aia nā ʻike āpau e pili ana i nā koina o nā pono e hiki ai ke noi.

 

ʻO nā mea hou aʻe e pili ana i ka Haku

I ka hopena, e noʻonoʻo kākou e loli mau ana kahi, no kekahi mea ua lilo ia i mea pōmaikaʻi, a no nā poʻe ʻē aʻe he pilikia nui. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā kumuwaiwai a hoʻopau ʻia i ke ala pololei, ʻae ʻia e hoʻokō pono ʻia nā hana ʻē aʻe, a no laila hāʻawi maikaʻi i ka hoʻomohala geospatial.

Kamaʻilio mau mākou e pili ana i ka mea e koi ʻia ai e koho i kahi ʻāpana ma ke ʻano he Smart City a i ʻole Smart City, hele ia ma ʻō aku o ka hoʻopili ʻana o ka ʻikepili a me ka ʻike loea, nā mea ʻike a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻē aʻe ʻo ka hana mua loa ka ʻike he aha ia, ma hea ia a he aha ke ala kūpono e hoʻohana ai.

Ma ka maopopo ʻana i kēia mau manaʻo āpau, ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻike teritore automated, a me ka ʻae ʻana e hiki i nā ʻano lehulehu āpau, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaka e noʻonoʻo hou i ka mea a mākou e makemake ai e loaʻa a pehea e loaʻa ai. A hoʻohui ʻia i kēia, koi ʻia nā loea i hoʻomaʻamaʻa me nā pono pono e kū pono i nā pilikia āpau e pili ana i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i kēia au uila 4. Hiki iā ʻoe ke loiloi i ke kamaʻilio holoʻokoʻa me Dr. Natalia Garrido ma  ʻO ka Magazine Magazine Twingeo 5th Edition.

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