Download Google Honua no ka mau mea i UTM

Aia kēia file i nā palena UTM ma ka format formatz. Ke hoʻoiho kokeʻia, ponoʻoe e wehe.

E hoʻopili i kahi faila maʻaneʻi

UTM cii Google honua

E hoʻopili i kahi faila maʻaneʻi

Wale me ka olua ... e hele mai, mai ka Leeuwerikplein mai o ka poepoe honua i loko o Hoʻohana me kou makemake me ka ohia, e verticalʻoki meridians (kapa loihi,) a me ka papamoe,ʻoki e laua (kapaʻia lakikū).

No ka helu'ana i nā latitudes he māhele ia o ka hoohalike,'ākau a hema paha, mai ka zero ai ka 90 degrees ma nā lā'au a'o kēia mau hapa'elua ua kapa'ia'o hemispheres.

Ma ka hihia o ka loa, i kēia mau hoʻomaka e e heluʻia, mai ka Melekiana o Kaunakakai i kapaia o 'Aʻohe Melekiana i ka hikina, e helu i ka 180 degere, ma ka ia Melekiana i hookaawale ai i ka aina (i kapaia o antemeridiano), keia hapalua ua kapaia " ʻO kēia. " A laila kapaʻia ka hapalua o ke Komohana, ke kūlana mauʻia e ka W (komohana), e like me ka hoʻomakaʻana o nā meridians mai Greenwich ma kaʻaoʻao'ē aʻe mai ka zero ai ka 180 degrees.

1 ke'ewa honua

Hiki ke ho'ohui i Sepania i ka 39 N a me ka 3 W mau lō'ihi, kahi laulima ma Peru e lilo i ka Latitude 10 S a me ka 74 W. lō'ihi.

ʻO kēiaʻano o ka hoʻoholoʻana i nā kaulike iʻole e hana me kahi kiʻekiʻe ma luna o kaʻilikai, no ka mea, he kiʻi ia e hoʻomaka ana mai ka piko o ka honua i luna o ka honua,ʻo ia keʻano i hoʻohanaʻia e Google Earth, a eia ke ala o nā kuʻuna e hoʻohana ana i nā kōnae kml, a hui pūʻia kekahi spheroid kuhikuhi i ke ala e hiki ai i ka honua o ka honua no nā kumuhana. Māhanaʻo Google i ka WGS84 i kahi spheroid spiroid (ʻoiai aia nā mea hana eʻaeʻia nā kaʻina o ka UTM e komo i loko o Google Earth). ʻO ka pōmaikaʻi nui loa o kēia neʻeʻana, he kū hoʻokahi wale nō ka hulina ma luna o ka honua, akā naʻe,ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana i nā hana no ka heluʻana i kahi mamao a iʻole kuhikuhi i nā mea "nā mea kākauʻole".

Nā coordinena UTM

ʻO ka hoʻonohonohoʻana o ka UTM ma luna o ka manaʻo o ka noʻonoʻoʻana i kahi spheroid huli mai ka hana hāmole cylindrical Traverso de Mercator. Hoʻokaʻawale pinepineʻia ka honua e nā mea meridiana, ma nā māheleʻeono o ka heluʻana i ka 60 a pau, ua kapaʻia kēia mau wahi. ʻO ka heluʻana o kēia mau'āpana e hoʻomaka ana mai ka antemeridian, mai ka zero ai ka 60 mai ke komohana a hiki i ka hikina.

Hoʻohana i paha laua HEN, mai 84 S a hiki i 80 N, a ua heluʻia me ka palapala HEN, mai C i X (i ka "I" i ke hoʻokoe 'a me ka "O"), i kēlā Hoʻohana 8 degere latitu , koe ka X me nā 12 degrees.

Ho'ohana'ia ka A, B, Y, Z no nā pola keu; 'A'ole i ho'okomo'o Google i kēia māhele no ka mea he mea pono ia ka helu ho'opau'ole i kahi wahi hoihoi wale no nā pola pola).

1 ke'ewa honua

1 ke'ewa honuaMa nā helu 60 a pau, he mau aniani 6 kēlā me kēia

  • Kū'o Mexico i waena o nā 11 a me ka 16
  • Honduras ma ka 16 a me kahi ma ka 17
  • Peru ma waena o 17 a me 19
  • Sepania ma waena o 29 a me 31.

ʻO ka hoʻohālikelikeʻana o ka hāʻina o ke kākauʻana ma kaʻilikai, e hana i kaʻaʻa e kākauʻia kēia mau laina i nā ana like me kaʻike maoli o kahi hōʻailona kūloko. Kēia olua spheroid, ma luna (popularized ma Roma America) ua NAD27, ka a ianoiyuaa a hoʻomano hoʻohana NAD83, hoikeia mai ma na mea he nui e like me WGS84. Loaʻa kaʻokoʻa kaulike, heʻokoʻa nā grids o nāʻano spheroid.

Waena 16 ma kahiNo laila, he hoʻonohonoho x, a hoʻomaka, ma ka hihia oʻAmelika Hema,ʻo ka palena ma waena o ka 15 a me ka 16 e pili ana i ka hoʻohui likeʻana o 178,000 a hiki i ka hoʻonui a iʻole ka 820,000. ʻO kēia kūlana kikowaena he like ia no kēlā me kēia'āpana, ma ka like wale nō akā ua wehewehe mākou,ʻaʻole ia he māmā hoʻohālikelike akā no nā kumu o ke anaʻana o ka mea, heʻano like. Ke pani nei nā palena i waena o nā wahi, akāʻo ka hapa a pau o kahi axis central, kahi i loaʻa ai kahi meridian ver vertical a lōʻihi kona inoaʻo 300,000 i kapaʻiaʻo "kēia mea wahaheʻe", no ka mea,ʻo ka hema a me ka pololei o kēia meridianʻaʻole kahi ka maikaʻi
'O ka latitude (Y coordinate) e ho'omaka ana mai ka 0.00 ma ka equator a pi'i i ka pou'ākau a me nā pūnaewele kokoke i ka 9,300,000.

ʻO nā palapala'āina mākou iʻike no nā hanana cadastral, me nā kaulike 1: 10,000 a iʻole 1: 1,000 e puka mai mai ka mahele o kēia mahele, ma kahi ma hope e wehewehe ana i keʻano o ka hikiʻana o kēia māhele.

1 ke'ewa honua

Geographic i hŘnń ia, e like me 16N 35W mea kū hoʻokahi, aka, i ka UTM i kahi kūlike me he X = 664,235 Y = 1,234,432 lākou, kekahi wahi hai hou ma 60 wahi o ka ia ka latitu, nā ma ka akau, a ma ka hema; Ua pono ka wahi, a no ka hoakaka hemisphere kahi mea a pau.

8 Hōʻoia i "Download i nāʻaoʻao no ka Google Earth"

  1. ʻAʻole hiki Hiki ke hana 'ia i kahi hui' ana i ka manawa 'elua ma ka x a me ka mahele o ka 60 zones utm

  2. Aia kahi ala e helu ai i ka spindle i loaʻa nā kikowaena UTM?

  3. Ua heluhelu wau i nā kumuhana ma kāu blog no 4 no kekahi mau makahiki. ʻO ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo ua lawe wau i nā ʻenehana UTM i GEarth. Aia wau i ka papa o nā palapala kuhikuhi o Nicaragua (kēlā mau pepa e "ana" 10 ′ o ka latitude x 15 ′ o ka lōʻihi. He manaʻo ia e lawe iā lākou i ka GEarth ma kahi like me nā wahi o UTM. ʻAʻole wau akamai i ka AutoCAD akā he mea me kekahi Excel. Ua hoʻāʻo wau e hoʻonā iā ia e like me kēia: Ma Excel ua loaʻa iaʻu nā koikoi o nā kihi o kēlā me kēia pākuhi (maopopo ʻole ʻaʻole i helu ʻia i loko o nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe), hana wau i kahi .txt a me Geotrans ua hoʻohuli wau iā lākou i UTM WGS84 me ka manaʻo e lawe iā lākou i AutoCAD, ka neʻe ʻana i ka DXF a laila ma .kml akā koʻu pilikia ʻo koʻu mana me AutoCAD. Aia paha ke huli nei au i kahi manawa nui, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke huki i nā laina a i ʻole polygons ma GEarth. E hoʻomaikaʻi wau inā hōʻike ʻoe iaʻu i kekahi ʻano o kāu blog i hiki ke kōkua mai iaʻu. Mahalo nui iā Managua.

  4. nā meaʻono loa, ma hope aku, e makemake au i kekahi mau aʻo aʻo, mahalo no kaʻike, byee

  5. ua hewaʻoe i ka hoʻohanaʻana o ka palapala i ka google

  6. ʻAʻohe mea i kiʻiʻia. Kuhi ka loulou i kekahiʻatikala'ē aʻe. ʻO Geofumadas ????

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