Ka nui o ka hana o ka pūnaewele GIS i kēia manawa

'O ke kumuhana e ho'opuka i kēia lā,'o ia ka Pūnaewele GIS. No ka 'uninitiated', hiki ke unuhi wale'ia'o ia ka 'GIS ma ka Pūnaewele', akā pehea ke'ano o kēia? He aha ko lākou nui? No ke aha 'e hiki ai ke hana' e like me ka'ōlelo ma ka po'o o kēia pou?

'Elima mau kumu i kū ai'o Eric van Rees Paukū, E hō'ike (a hō'oia) i ka pūnaewele GIS i kēia manawa ka loli o kēlā 'kulawa kahiko' GIS mana'o; A eia hou, ua komo kēia ho'ololi 'O nā'ano like'ole 'A'ole wale ma ke'ano o ka Pehea No ka hana'ana i ka GIS, akā na'e i nā koi e pono ai iā ia e ho'okō i ka ho'ohana'ana i ka'enehana geospatial.

He pono nō ho'i ke nīnau inā ua hō'ano hou'ia mākou i kēia kumuhana, me mākou e mana'o nei he pono mākou,'ike mākou a i'ole hiki iā mākou ke ho'olālā iā mākou iho e ho'okomo i ke'ano o ka 'O ka mua No ka pūnaewele GIS i kēia.

Uaʻoi aʻe ka GIS ma mua o ka palapala kiʻi palapala, I ka ho'omaka'ana e ho'ouna i ka mea kākau, a laila'ōlelo'o ia "'a'ole he palapala'āina ka hopena hope loa o ka hana, akā hiki ke lilo i kahi ho'omaka o kahi hō'ulu'ulu hope a me ka ho'onui loa." 'O kēia'ike'ana o ka palapala'āina ma ke'ano he "māhele o ka puzzle" ke alaka'i aku iā mākou i kahi kokoke i ka ho'omohala'ana i nā papahana e lilo ana'o GIS i mea hana'oihana. He aha nā papahana? Ua'ike'ia, mai nā'oko'a a me nā makahiki i hala aku nei kahi mau mea i'ike'ole'ia e like me kā mākou e'ōlelo aku ai ma hope.

A ʻo ia ʻo GIS e like me ka mea i hala i nā leʻaleʻa nui mai ka wā i hala o 60 i ka wā i ʻike ai i ka mālam. Me kēlā me kēia makahiki hou, ua paʻa ka loli: mai ka ʻike "Mahea? 'O ia He aha", Nona'ikea; No ka'ike i ka "He aha A no ke kumu "o kahi e ho'okomo'ia ai kahi mea i ho'onohonoho'ia a ho'opa'a'ia paha me ka mālamalama a me ka pololei, e ho'onoho ana i kahi pae no nā pono a me nā mana'o hou.

Ke makemake nei'o GIS i kēia 'kāko'o'. Ma kēia loli hou, hoʻoholo hou ka mea kākau, ua hoʻokuʻuʻia kēlā me kēia hana. Akā, he mea kūpono e hoʻomaha ma kēia wahi no ka meaʻo ia i'ōleloʻia no ka hana GIS o ka'ore 'a he' mea kākau kiʻi akamai 'aʻo ka' GIS Analyst 'paha. Ua hāʻawi kēia iā mākou i ke kānia i loko o ka kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka pou o hope e pane i kēlā mea e pili ana i nā hoʻonaʻauao a me nā hana ma GIS. He meaʻono ia maanei e noi (e like me ka holomua) i loko 'O ka makahiki o nā hanana ho'olālā o GIS e hana nei mākou i kēlā me kēia'āina... maika'i wau e waiho i kēia ma'ane'i no ka mea e ha'alele ana mākou i ka mana'o nui.

'Ōlelo'o Van Rees, "Ma kēia manawa, pono nā limahana GIS e hana pū me nā mea ho'ohana'ē a'e o GIS iā lākou e mālama nei I ho'okahi manawa 'O nā papahana papahana ". Maanei mākou e ho'okaaka i ka hua'ōlelo ''ano like'. 'O kēia'ano 'papahana' kūlana ki'eki'e'oko'a i loko o ia mea'a'ole loa he kanaka ho'okahi Hiki (e hoʻomaopopo i keʻano) e hana i ka hana piha i piha. He mea maʻalahi kēia. ʻOiai no ka mea ua hoʻonuiʻia nā palena o ka hoʻohana kūikawā o GIS,ʻikeʻia kaʻike nui ma nāʻano likeʻole. Manaʻo ka mea kākau i kēia mau mea: "Hōʻike kēia i ka hoʻohanaʻana o kaʻenehana GIS i kahiʻoihanaʻoihana a emiʻole iho (ma lalo o ka niche, inā mākou e unuhi i ka'ōlelo maoli)."

Ke kākoʻo nei ka GIS hou i nā kaiaulu. Hōʻaho kēia pane hou me nā mea i ho'ākāka muaʻia. Ua'ōleloʻia i kahiʻano o ka wā like kahi e kamaʻilioʻia ai nāʻano likeʻole a me ka'ōnaeho hou kahi i hoʻokumuʻia ai nā hiʻohiʻona kahi e loaʻa ai nā mea hou a me nā manaʻo hou. Ehia hou? Ua haʻi mai ka mea kākau iā mākou "me kaʻoihana hou aʻoi aku kaʻoihana o ke geospatial,ʻo ia hikiʻole e aʻo i nā mea hana a pau e hōʻike nei i ka mākeke "a me nā'ōlelo aʻo," maikaʻi kūkala a hilinaʻi i loko o kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā kumuhana a me nā polokalamu a me e komo ma ke kaiāulu e pani ana iā lākou. "

Kūpono like kēia. ʻO ka ʻike ʻole e hoʻonui mau ʻia ka ʻike, ʻo ka mea a mākou e ʻike nei i kēia lā e aneane pau i ka manawa, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, mai ka lā. ʻO kēia ka 'update' paʻa e pono ai i kēlā me kēia ʻoihana ke kūʻē i ka hoʻomau 'i ka ʻoihana'. Aia ka ʻike ma ka Pūnaewele a pono mākou i ka manawa a malia paha nā neurons pono e uhi i nā mea a pau. ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo,ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou. ʻO ia ke kumu e haʻi ai mākou i nā polokalamu hui like GitHub, GeoNet, GIS StackExchange a me nā mea hana'ē aʻe ʻO ArcGIS Hub, kahi a mākou e kamaʻilio nei i ka wā i ʻike ai ua manaʻo nui ka mea kākau ma mua o nā huahana ESRI ... Maikaʻi, ke kānalua nei ka ʻae ʻana, ua ʻae mākou i kona kumu.

'A'ole hiki ke ho'oka'awale'ia nā Polokalamu a me GIS. Ua hō'ea mākou i kahi o nā 'post' o nā hō'ailona. Malia paha ua ho'ohana mākou i ka unuhi pono 'Kohu(Hele mua mākou i kahi a mākou e hele nei, pololei?). ʻOiai ʻo Van Rees e ʻōlelo nei, "ʻaʻole makemake ʻia nā ʻōlelo ʻōnaehana e hoʻololi akā e hoʻonui i ka ʻenehana geospatial", maopopo leʻa ʻaʻohe ala ʻē aʻe e hana ai i ka lele mai ka 'palapala ʻāina - geospatial analysis' i ka lawelawe Pūnaewele o kēia manawa me ka ʻole 'kuʻe lima' ma waena. A ʻo ka mea mua e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā ArcPy, a laila e pili ana i ka API hou no ArcGIS, e ʻōlelo nei i ka hala ʻana i ka SciPy Stack… Nā waihona puke a me nā pūʻulu e pili ana iā Python! (Pitoneros ... I kēia manawa!) A no ka moʻolelo a mākou i ʻōlelo ai No ke a'o'ana ma mua o Python.

Akā, mai ho'opoina, makemake mākou Hō'ike a ka'ana 'O kā mākou'ike. Alaila hele mai Nā pakuhi uila A me ke kāpena puna Anaconda E ho'onui i nā'oihana holomua.

Akā pehea e hiki ai i kahi mea hoʻomohala pūnaewele ke hoʻohana i ka ʻenehana GIS i kahi ala maʻalahi nona? Pane: ma o nā API Pūnaewele a me nā ʻōlelo papahana. No laila ua lawe ke kaiāulu GIS iā JavaScript, Python a me R. E noho mau mākou i ia manawa, a e noʻonoʻo i nā kaiāulu a mākou e hele aku ai.

Ua lilo'o Desktop GIS i hapa o ka pūnaewele GIS. E hoomaka ana me ka allusion iā Google Maps 2005 makahiki a me naʻe Google, e like me ka mea kākau paipai,ʻeleu oi ma ka consumer market ma ka 'oihana geospatial, ka ai-kapaia "GIS hana" hiki aʻo waiwai aʻo, mai ka hana mai o Google.

I kēia manawa, pehea mākou e kuhikuhi pono ai i ke'ano o ka "GIS industry" a "ka'oihana pili honua"? He kūpono paha ke'ōlelo'ana,'o kekahi māhele / papahana e ho'ohana nei i nā'ike a me nā palapala'āina o kahi'oihana o ka'oihana waiwai?

ʻAe, ʻae nō. Ke kamaʻilio nei mākou i kēlā manawa e pili ana i nā kaʻa, nā kaʻa paikikala e pili ana, nā UAV, nā mea i hoʻonui ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, kēlā mau ʻenehana i loaʻa nā ʻike mokulele a me nā palapala ʻāina, nā loko a me nā maʻamau, ʻoiai kekahi o nā kumu waiwai o ka ʻike. ʻO kahi mea hoihoi a hōʻike hoʻi.

He aha ka mea i a'o'ia? Ua a'o'ia e hiki ke ho'ohui'ia kēlā mau'enekini e'ae i ka loiloi'ana o ka'enehana geospatial. Ua hōʻike hewa hoʻohana mobiles, iaaiey ao, Ka Ikepili o ka nui ikepili, ka 'ikepili' epekema 'a me ka pāʻoihana manao, kūpono a pau i loko o ke ao aeuiiai ieaia? I ua ua hoʻopili inextricably i na hana o ka GIS Ma kahi kūlana kūloko. Penei ka hôʻailona Hale i ka mea kākau, e hiki keʻeʻe ma eiiiiiaiou o GIS i loko o ke ao ma ka pūnaewele puni honua lako, a ua hana geospatial Ka Ikepili ka hoʻohana 'ana Python.

ʻO kēia anamanaʻo wale nō ka hoʻomaka o nā kūkā hou. I ka inkwell ka GIS i ke ao, akā ʻo ka WebGIS hoʻi i ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻO kēlā 'mea akamai' e hiki mai ana ma kahi o ka pūnaewele ʻoi aku ka hoʻohui ʻia o WebGIS i kēlā me kēia lā i kēlā ao e hiki mai ana o nā 'kūlanakauhale akamai' i ʻike mua ʻia e kahi poʻe he nui a kahi e hoʻomākaukau ai mākou e komo.

https://www.spar3d.com/blogs/all-over-the-map/many-faces-todays-web-gis/

Hoʻokahi Pane i "nā mea hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ʻo GIS Pūnaewele i kēia lā"

  1. ʻO ka mea maikaʻi loa ma ka SIGWeb (WebGis),ʻike wau i nā manaʻo he nui no kēia kumuhana, no ka meaʻo ka huahana nui o ka GIS kahiko no nā makahiki he nui iʻikeʻia, a ma kēia mau manawa honua i kēia manawa he mana a me ka palenaʻole, e hānaiʻia ana e nāʻanoʻano geodata, mai nā kumu likeʻole a me nā kumu, me ka nuiʻole o nā pilikia.

    Aloha.

Waiho i kahi pane

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