CAD, GIS, ai'ole nā ​​mea'elua?

... ke kū'ai aku i nā mana o He aha kāu Ua'oi aku ka pa'akikī o nā polokalamu kīnā ma mua o ka ho'omaopopo'ana i kahi luna hana hana hewa (Pāpā) No ka 'O ka mea'a'ole 'O nā polokalamu ho'olālā.

Ka'īlio Hoʻokumu hou neiʻo Bentley i kahi hoʻolālā e kākoʻo i ka Palapala'āinaʻo Bentley, me ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka pane,ʻaʻole pono e noʻonoʻo pono inā hiki ke lawelaweʻia nā meaʻelua e kekahi mea hana. Ma kēia, he nui nā manaʻo e pili loa ana mākou i ka ho'ēmiʻana i kaʻaha a kāpae i ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā hua'ōlelo CAD / GIS.

Aia i okoa wale, kekahi no ka waiwai, kumu 'ē aʻe hana kūikawā' ē aʻe no ka paakiki ole, akā, ma ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa nāʻanoʻenehana holomua, nō 'īnea nei me ka ia pilikia.

1 ʻO ka hihia kūpono Ke hana nei ia i ka cadastre (E ho'ohana i kahi hi'ohi'ona), ka hoʻolālā kiʻi, o nā laina e hoʻolālā, oki, hoʻololi, huki, kiʻi kiʻi, a pēlā aku. e hoʻomauʻia e hanaʻia ma AutoCAD a iʻole Microstation. Inā e noi mākou i nā mea hana i ke kumu no ke kumu e makemake ai lākou, e'ōlelo lākou:

'A'ole kūpono'o ArcGIS no kēlā

'O GvSIG nā mea hanahana akā ua lohi loa (ma Windows)

'A'ole'ike'ia Manifold a'a'ole lawa nā mea hana

Ho'onui aku ka ho'oponopono laina ma mua o ka ho'oponopono'ana o polygon

'A'ole i like ka mea kāko'o no IntelliCAD

A laila pono mākou e hana i nā hana a pau 'O Spaghetti, ma nāʻanuʻu, nāʻulu, nā mānoanoa, a laila e hele i ArcGIS a ma laila e kūkulu i nā polygons. Ke hana mākou i kēia,ʻike mākou Nā hana kūlohelohe ('A'ole maopopo kēia CAD), hana mākou i nā mea hou a hoʻi mākou e hana i nā loli o ka veʻa, me ke kaʻina i ka hopena o nā hopena nui i kekahi lā. Akā i loko o ka hana maʻamau i nā lā a pau, e hoʻololi i ka CAD, a hiki i ka GIS ke hiki ke lilo iʻikeʻikeʻole.

Gvsigguatemala1

A laila, inā makemake mākou e hana i kekahi mea'ē a'e, ho'okomo mākou i kahi kikowaena kiko'ī (Ke kāohi nei wau, ma ke'ano o ke'ano), Nā wahi o ka CAD, ke ike ekolu kekimala akā, a i ka pololei o ka oi ma mua o 10 kekimala, ka hana e loaʻa wale ekolu, i poe koa i ka maʻi lele mea hou like me ka ia, no laila, i ole e aloha ia i ka holo o nā hana ma ka pūnaewele. Maanei, uaʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻoukaʻana me nā pae hoʻohālikelike.

A no ka ho'okele waiwai, kahi aupuni li'ili'i Pono E komo i loko 'O kahi polokalamu polokalamu No ke kūkulu'ana i nā mea kiko'ī kūpono 'O kekahi no e hana i nā palapala nani. Inā he palupalu ka'āina a ((Mana'o'i'o'o ia)ʻaʻole i koi aku i kahi polokalamu hana hoʻokele hana e hoʻohana i kahi ma lalo o hoʻokahi AutoCAD Lite a hoʻokahi ArcGIS meʻelua mau hōʻailona; akā,ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi, uaʻoi aku lākou ma mua o $ 4,000 ('A'ole ho'ona'auao). ʻO ka poʻe i hui pū me nāʻahahui eʻike i ke kumukūʻai e kūʻai aku i kēia kālā i kahi pūʻokoʻa eʻoi aʻe ana i nā meaʻoi aʻe ma mua o ka mayor.

Au i ike, eia nā kauhale i e ole i kēia mau o ke'ākeʻakeʻa mai, akā, i ka generality o ka Hispanic pōʻaiapili ... ola i ike maopopo no kumu o ka hemahema i ka GIS a me ka CAD-e uwahi ana i astral.

2 Pono ka GIS e hoʻohana i nā mana CAD

I ike i ka wā malaila ArcView 3x ua i hiki ke hoʻokō hana maʻi lele no? Ieoaeunoaa'ōnaehana topologies, akā, ma keia wahi au e i maopopo ke kumu mākou i hana ma ka GIS wale hana i ka mea a ka CAD (30 mea)

  • Nā pihi 12 e hana (nā laina, nā'āpana, nā'āpana, nā polyline, nā helu ...)
  • Nā pōkā 12 e ho'oponopono (kahi like, kope, ne'e, ho'ololi, ho'onui'ia ...)
  • 'O kahi mana ho'opuka pa'i (hō'eha i ka'u mau koi a me ka CAD)

ʻOiai no lākou kēia mau mea, akā, ke hoʻopiʻi nei mākou no ka hana. E e like i ka ua mahaloia papahana hana, nanea ana o ka'ōnaehana papa, mamao, wahi, palena manawa, kauo, oki ... mea astral, e like me AutoCAD ole Microstation e ka mea oiaio. Ma keia manao, i ka mea maikai makou ike i Ua ka ho'āʻo pono o gvSIG, kahi o reinventing ke ala, ua hana vectors, noho i loko o ka palapala o ka Hana iā AutoCAD, Me nā miliona o nā mea ho'ohana ma ka honua e hana nei pēlā ('Ike i ka loa'a'ana o nā ka'ina hana arā o AutoCAD). Hoʻomau kaʻoihana i ke kūlana o ka hana ke kiʻiʻia nā kiʻi kaumaha a me nā kiʻi nui; ʻike pono ma Linux ke holo maikaʻi nei, akāʻaʻole i loko o Windows, a, a Ka paio nui No ka hō'oia'i'o i ko ke ao nei'a'ole he mea e nānā ai.

3 Aia kahi CAD i hala mua i GIS

Ma ka hihia o Bentley Map a me ka Map AutoCAD, ua hoʻonohonohoʻia ka mana e hoʻokumu i nā mana GIS no nā mea hana i hoʻohanaʻia no ka hoʻolālā. He mea nui ka holomua,ʻaʻohe kānalua no ia mea, akā i kēia lā, he nui nā nānāʻana a me ka hoʻolahaʻana i nā hana (nā kiʻi penaʻia) i ka mea a GIS e hana ai (aiʻole maikaʻi). Ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei au no ka pono o ka hoʻokumuʻana i nāʻoihana maʻalahi ... 'O ka huki maka; ināʻaʻole, eʻike kākou i ka nui o nā mea hoʻohana o AutoCAD (miliona) a me ka nui (makemake lākou) o ka AutoCAD Map (aiʻole Civil 3D); ʻaʻole ma muli o nā kumu kumukūʻai, no ka mea, ua like ka hoʻohālikelike inā hana mākou me nā mea hoʻohana i nā laikini i kahi ala pōpilikia. Loaʻa ka hana like me ka Microstation a me Bentley Map, me kaʻole e komo i nāʻano o ka paʻi puke a me ke interaperability (Olu'olu).

4 ʻO CAD a me GISʻelua mau kumu likeʻole.

Loa'a kahi ho'onohonoho (kahua) e'ōlelo ana he'elua mau kumu kūikawā'elua a'a'ole e hiki i ka papahana ke hana i nā mea like'ole; Mahele o kēlā kūlana i loa'a iā mākou ko mākou mana'o i nā makahiki i hala aku nei:

...'O CAD no ka hana'ana i nā kikowaena pololei a me GIS no nā palapala 'āina maika'i.

Akā, i kēia hana kūikawā pale mai, a hiki i ka nui i ka hae iʻoihana kaua, a ua appropriated e 'ole-noa lako polokalamu, lilo aku la rigidity, i hāpai' e like me ka OGC ma kaʻaoʻao GIS, ka hoʻokō 'ana o ka manaʻo Ho'oponopono, hoʻohana i ka xml e hele i mua i ka manaʻo BIM ma kaʻaoʻao o ka CAD, me nā mea'ē aʻe, ka mea i hanaʻole i ke CAD ma ke kiʻi paʻiʻana akā he wahi o ka hana o nāʻoihana maoli (Architecture, Civil Engineering, Topography, etc.).

'Ōleloʻia ka'ōlelo iʻole e hoʻokomoʻia ke kūikawā i loko o ka polokalamu (CAD / GIS) akā ma kahi o ka noi. E haawi aku oukou i kumu hana, alanui E e papahana hana kūikawā lako polokalamu i hana ia, a me ka miomio o CAD, a uea e hookauwa aku i ka papahana e hana i ka iho (axis) no kŰia ha ma lalo o ka GIS pōʻaiapili. E like me ka shapefile e hele aku ia ma ka mōʻaukala a me ka GISʻikepili i ka mea kiʻi a tabular e hoohalike ai o ka ike maopopo kona anahonua hiki e hoʻoponopono, mai kaʻaoʻao GIS, oe i kailaʻae, e pili 'o Randy i nāʻikepili; akā mai kaʻaoʻao GIS i kāna mau hana kupanaha, e pili ana i kaʻikepili a hiki iā ia ke hoʻoponopono me ka pololei e pili anaʻo CAD.

Akā no kēia ... ua mamao loa mākou,'a'ole no ka mea'a'ole Ua ho'omaka'ia,'O nā mea hana'u'uku e hana i ka nui o ia mea, akā, pono'oe e ho'ololi i nā mele nui o ka pūnaewele e ho'okō i ia ma ke ala kūpono.

4 E like me kaʻuʻike

Manaʻo no kekahi manawa, hoʻohana 'ana i nā papahana elua hoʻomau o ia ho i ka ia waiwai: lākou maʻi lele CAD hoʻoponopono, ke kālailai a me ka modifying GIS laua. Ma koʻu manao, he nui loa na mea e mākou makemake i kauoha nui uahi i nalowale i ka pono io o kona hoʻohana no ka mea hiki hana a me nāʻanoʻenehana ke kūʻai akuʻana (pilikia) Ua i mai poina i ke kumu no ka kanaka ingenuity (ke hoʻoponopono pilikia).

image42 I ka unuhi i ka papa i kona nani, no ka mea,ʻaʻole invented kekahi ala e e kauōʻia mai ma ka lima, akā,ʻaʻole oi pou kikoo systematizing kona hana i loko o ka mea o ka papaʻaina akā mea a mākou i hana ai malaila i hou. Palapala ─ina ua haʻahaʻa hae kŰia ka unahiʻole, a me ka kahua hoʻonohonohoʻana pilina, ua manao makou e kakau akā mākou aole kanalua ko lakou hoʻohana no kanaka hana.

ʻAʻole kākou e lilo i kaʻike, no ka mea,'ānō e hoʻohana mākou i nā meaʻenehana i mea e maʻalahi ai a hoʻoikaika i ka hoʻohanaʻana iā ia. No laila, hiki mai kahi manawa i ka pauʻana o ka hoʻolālā e pili ana i nā papahana, nā processors, nā pixels, nā lepili a me nā mana, e hoʻolālā manawa i ka kumu i hoʻokumuʻia ai lākou: KA UI. Huahana o ia, e like ma mua, e hoʻolaʻa iā mākou iho e hana i kaʻoihana, waiwai, a me ka pono no nā kānaka.

Akā, ke manao ka illusory, a ma koʻu manao, ka mea e hiki mai ana 5 makahiki, no ka hapanui o nā papahana i manaoia 'ilikai i ka hoʻomaka pae, ua hoʻomau, e hana i na mea o ka ia (e nānā i ka hoʻopauʻana,ʻaʻole mākou e hana ana ma Google Earth). A me nā mea hoʻolaha pūnaewele CAD / GIS:

  • Ma ka'ao'ao ESRI, hiki paha E nānā i nā mea hou Ma ka mana o ka hana CAD, mana'olana'a'ole pono e a'o hou e ho'ohana hou i ka papa'aina.
  • Ma kaʻaoʻao AutoDesk, hoʻonui i ka Civil 3D e hana i ka palapala kiʻi e like me keʻano o ka'enekeneke. ʻO ka manaʻo i kūpono iaʻu.
  • Ma ka'ao'ao Bentley, e ho'onui KahaWa No ka CAD i uku ha'aha'a no ka loa'a'ana o nā kaha GIS, a malia paha e ho'oikaika i ka ho'olālā'ana.
  • Ma kaʻaoʻao o nā polokalamu waiwai haʻahaʻa: Manifold, Tatuk GIS, Global Mapper, IntelliCAD, loaʻa ka waiwai ma ka hanaʻana i ka mea inoa inoa inoa inoaʻole.

Inā'ike ka Open Source software (mālama) i kēia pale, pono e nānā kākou a pau ma laila,'a'ole wale nō Ka'ike waiwai (Kahi a mākou i'ike mua ai), akā, ma ka ho'oholo'ana i nā pilikia ma'amau (kahi e hana nei) a me ka'oihana'oihana'oihana'oi a'e ma mua o Pāpā.

Pessimistic, paha; hoʻopauʻia,ʻoiaʻiʻo. Aʻoʻoe: Peheaʻoe eʻike ai?

6 Hōʻike i "CAD, GIS, aiʻoleʻelua?"

  1. Hi Hi'i

    He aha nā mea e like me nā kikowaena o kāu noiʻi ʻana i UTM i ka like me nā mea i hiki ai ma 60 hiki ke loaʻa paha o nā ʻĀina o ka honua, no laila hiki iā ʻoe ke kuhikuhi i ka mea o kāu i loko. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka Datum ke kuhikuhi ellipsoid, e hāʻawi iā ʻoe i kahi manaʻo, me he mea lā e like me ka WGS84 ma ke kai kai a ʻo kekahi Datum e like me ka NAD 24 i hala ma 3,000 mika ma luna, hiki i ka pūnaewele like a like a i hoʻokahi manawa ka puʻuwai, a i kekahi manawa He like ka lōʻihi o ka lōʻihi, akā ua like nā lōʻihi ma luna o kēia mau ʻokoʻa ʻelua. ʻO ia ke kumu i kapa ʻia ai ka ʻōnaehana UTM "projected."

    Ke hana nei iā ia ma ArcGIS, pākaha ʻoe pololei i ka ʻula āu i makemake ai i ka georeferencing a koho i ke koho "waiwai", a laila ma ka papa i ʻike ʻia ua koho ʻoe i ka ʻaoʻao "kumu".
    I laila, aia kahi keki e koho ai i ka "kumu", a laila e komo ʻoe a laila ʻoe e nānā no kahi ʻōnaehana projected (UTM), a laila e koho ʻoe i ka wahi kūpono a inā paha ʻoe i ka hemisphere kūkulu ʻākau a hema paha.

    Me kēia mea ua kāleka'ia kāu pūnaewele i kahi datum a me kahi āpau.

    A aloha.

  2. maikai kakahiaka, au hooaloha k maikaʻi moʻomanaʻo mea e paʻa ai I Tego kanalua no hoi au i lilo i ka DXF waihona shp koʻu CAD waihona mea georeferenced a me kaʻiʻo i loko o ka GIS, a incidentally arcgis hoʻohana 9.3 mai iaʻu i nā wahi hou akā, like o nä unuhi au ike ia, e kau aku au i ka ńina ike a me ia mea, akā,ʻaʻole pehea au gustari i keia yaque've nānā mai'ō a'ō i ka pūnaewele puni honua akā, hiki ole loaʻa maoli pane makemake nui mahalo 'oe ke pane i kaʻu nīnau' oluʻolu e cordenadas i UTM me gsw84

  3. «» »Maria maria, mars 16, 2010 - 8: 36 pm
    pehea e kau aku ai i kahi kikoo i kekoi i arc gis ou a nānā aku »» »

    Noho Resp: mai ka map honua i ka ho'oku'u'ana i nā laina papa, nā polygons (ka ho'okumu'ana i nā topologies) a me nā helu.

    e hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia o topological ka wahaheʻe i loko o CAD, ua nui na erramients e like me Autocad unuhi i ka palapala 'āina clenup kōkua debug ka CAD waihona ma mua mea hoʻolilo' ole hoʻohana ', like nā i objectsdata kinona a papa. no hoi ma ArcGIS a me nā lako polokalamu GIS like OpenJUMP nei topological validators i loko o koʻu hihia aʻu e hoʻohana i ka elua me encuenta ma ka arcgis mea nui olelo hooholo xy (ke ahonui,) a me ka Q i hilinaʻi nui ma luna o ka mea e like ai o ka ahu iho la, a me OpenJUMP ke nana polygons me ka lua a me vertices i ka palena iki koi 'ia ma kahi haʻahaʻa pana pua.
    Aloha

  4. Mai ArcGIS e halihali iā ia he'ano papa, a laila e ho'olilo iā ia i Featureclass

  5. Pehea e ki'i ai i ke kahaki'i i ke kikowaena i ka'ike a i'ole ke nānā

  6. Hola

    ʻIke wau ua ʻōlelo ʻoe mai ka loea o ka "CADISTA".
    First mea ua ike: Ua lako polokalamu i kekahi mau orinetaciones.El ike cuendo ke hoʻohana i kekahi a na kekahi mea hoʻohana mea. Hookohukohu iho la lakou e hana i ka pana ana o ka hale (CAD) i loko o ka GIS no iaʻu mea i lako polokalamu Ka Ikepili ma mua o kekahi mea haca nani palapala (no ka mea ua MAPublisher ole corel a pela aku).

    'O ka ho'okō'ana i ka mana'o no'ono'o ma ka'ao'ao o GIS i nā makahiki o ka arcinfo, ua like nō ia i mea maika'i loa no ka hopena o nā hewa ho'opunipuni. Mai ka mythic Arc / Info,'o esri nā pahuhopu āu e kama'ilio ai no:

    Nā kī'ohi i ho'ohana'ia no ka hana'ana (laina, nā'āpana, nā'āpana, polyline, nā helu ...) Inā'a'ole'oe e kama'ilio e pili ana i nā mea āu e makemake'ole nei:

    -buttons e ho'oponopono (ho'ohālike, kope, ne'e, ho'ololi, ho'onui'ia ...)'O ia mau mea iā lākou ke'ole'oe e nānā i kekahi mea'ē a'e.

    -A nahe snap ma ... «E hui nā laina i kahi e mamao aku ai ʻo 10 m ... e hui pū.» ʻO ia? «E ʻoki ʻia ma kahi a lākou e manaʻo ai» ... ʻO? «E hoʻolako i kahi pānaehana e hoʻoikaika i kekahi» ... ʻO kēlā? E like me CAD i laila?

    Ma ka 'ē aʻe lima makemake lako polokalamu hoʻohui' hele lima hoʻohana haʻawina, i koʻu kāheaʻana no kekahi manawa e oi hoʻohui 'ma waena o ARCGIS Splus a Matlab no kekahi laʻana ...

    I manaʻo no ka cosntruccion o ka GIS papahana, i ke kahe pakuhi no koʻu nui: contruccion maʻi lele-ma muli CAD, alphanumerical hōkeoʻikepili ma ARCGIS, kūkuluʻia a me ke kiʻi Ka Ikepili ma ERDAS (ma ka mea ku ole manaʻo he CAD kiʻi mea wale lalo kākoʻo a ua informción oleʻikepili me ka GIS) a me ka hōʻikeʻia nani ma ARCGIS.

    Like ARCGIS (mai piʻo / Info, UNIX ma ka liʻiliʻi loa) papalua komo presicion i loko o ka wahi o ka vectors,ʻaʻohe pilikia o ka poho o ka miomio. A SOLOo pono i CAD hiki ke hoʻoponopono topological hewa a me ka hui ana o ka GIS / CAD makemake e he Honeymoon.

    Eia nō naʻe, aia nā mea āpau o nā polokalamu i ka wā o ka liveware, ʻo kā CADISTS e aʻo e hoʻokele i kā lākou mau papahana hou i ka ORDERLY (nā kahe ma nā papahō hoʻokahi a me nā alanui ma kahi ʻē aʻe) Hōʻalo wau i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻike CAD me nā polygons ʻaʻole like, nā laina me ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka topological (wale nō ke kiʻi), a i nā kahe e hōʻike ana i nā kahe i nā ʻāpana e hōʻike ana i nā alanui ....

Waiho i kahi pane

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