CAD, GIS, hana elua?

... ke kū'ai aku i nā mana o He aha kāu Ua'oi aku ka pa'akikī o nā polokalamu kīnā ma mua o ka ho'omaopopo'ana i kahi luna hana hana hewa (Pāpā) No ka 'O ka mea'a'ole 'O nā polokalamu ho'olālā.

Ka'īlio I kēia manawa ua hoʻokumu ʻo Bentley i kahi hoʻokūkū e hoʻolaha i ka Palapala ʻāina ʻo Bentley, e hoʻohana ana ma ke ʻano he hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻaʻole pono e noʻonoʻo kaʻawale inā hiki ke lawelawe ʻia nā mea ʻelua e kahi mea hana hoʻokahi. Ma kēia, he mau manaʻo he pili kokoke loa mākou i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ke āpau a hoʻōki i ka hoʻohana kaʻawale ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo ʻo CAD / GIS.

Aia i okoa wale, kekahi no ka waiwai, kumu 'ē aʻe hana kūikawā' ē aʻe no ka paakiki ole, akā, ma ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa nāʻanoʻenehana holomua, nō 'īnea nei me ka ia pilikia.

1. Ka hihia kūpono.  Ke hana nei ia i ka cadastre (E ho'ohana i kahi hi'ohi'ona), ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o nā laina o nā laina i hohola ʻia, ʻoki ʻia, pōʻai ʻia, kauō ʻia, hoʻouka ʻia nā kiʻi, etc. hoʻomau lākou e hana ʻia ma AutoCAD a i ʻole Microstation. Inā mākou e nīnau i nā loea no ke aha lākou e makemake ai e ʻōlelo lākou:

'A'ole kūpono'o ArcGIS no kēlā

'O GvSIG nā mea hanahana akā ua lohi loa (ma Windows)

'A'ole'ike'ia Manifold a'a'ole lawa nā mea hana

Ho'onui aku ka ho'oponopono laina ma mua o ka ho'oponopono'ana o polygon

'A'ole i like ka mea kāko'o no IntelliCAD

A laila pono mākou e hana i nā hana a pau 'O Spaghetti, i kēlā me kēia pae, nā kala, nā mānoanoa, a laila hoʻolilo iā ArcGIS a ma laila e kūkulu ai i nā polygons. Ke hana mākou i kēia ʻike mākou Nā hana kūlohelohe ('A'ole maopopo kēia CAD), hana mākou i nā hoʻololi a hoʻi mākou e hana i nā loli i ka vector, me kahi pōʻai i nā hana nunui i pau i hoʻokahi lā. Akā i ka hana maʻamau o kēlā me kēia lā o ka hoʻohou mau, hoʻololi i ka CAD a me GIS hiki i kahi hiki ke lilo i ʻikepili kūlike ʻole.

Gvsigguatemala1

A laila, inā makemake mākou e hana i kekahi mea'ē a'e, ho'okomo mākou i kahi kikowaena kiko'ī (Ke kāohi nei wau, ma ke'ano o ke'ano), nā kaʻina CAD, a mākou e ʻike ai i ʻekolu mau wahi decimal akā he kikoʻī kona ma mua o 10 mau wahi kekona, aia ʻekolu wale nō i kēia manawa, kahi e hoʻoikaika ai i ka vector e like ʻole, inā ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopili i ka wikiwiki. o nā kaʻina hana i ka waihona. Eia ka hoʻonui me ka ʻole o nā pae hoʻohālikelike topological ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī.

A no ka ho'okele waiwai, kahi aupuni li'ili'i Pono E komo i loko 'O kahi polokalamu polokalamu No ke kūkulu'ana i nā mea kiko'ī kūpono 'O kekahi no hana palapala ʻāina maikaʻi. Inā pili paʻa ka kaona a i ʻole (Mana'o'i'o'o ia)ʻaʻole i koi aku i kahi polokalamu hana hoʻokele hana e hoʻohana i kahi ma lalo o hoʻokahi AutoCAD Lite a hoʻokahi ArcGIS meʻelua mau hōʻailona; akā,ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi, uaʻoi aku lākou ma mua o $ 4,000 ('A'ole ho'ona'auao). ʻO ka poʻe i hana pū me nā kaona e ʻike i ke kumukūʻai e kūʻai aku ai i kēia nui i kahi puʻukū e kauoha ana ma mua o ka meia.

Au i ike, eia nā kauhale i e ole i kēia mau o ke'ākeʻakeʻa mai, akā, i ka generality o ka Hispanic pōʻaiapili ... ola i ike maopopo no kumu o ka hemahema i ka GIS a me ka CAD-e uwahi ana i astral.

2. Loaʻa i ka GIS nā mana CAD

I ike i ka wā malaila ArcView 3x ua i hiki ke hoʻokō hana maʻi lele no? Ieoaeunoaa'ōnaehana topologies, akā, ma keia wahi au e i maopopo ke kumu mākou i hana ma ka GIS wale hana i ka mea a ka CAD (30 mea)

  • Nā pihi 12 e hana (nā laina, nā'āpana, nā'āpana, nā polyline, nā helu ...)
  • Nā pōkā 12 e ho'oponopono (kahi like, kope, ne'e, ho'ololi, ho'onui'ia ...)
  • 'O kahi mana ho'opuka pa'i (hō'eha i ka'u mau koi a me ka CAD)

ʻOiaʻiʻo ua loaʻa iā lākou kēia mau mea, akā hoʻopiʻi mākou e pili ana i ke kaʻina hana. Pono lākou e like me ka hana ʻia o nā papahana, me ka maʻalahi o ka lawelawe ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao, nā mamao, nā hoʻonohonoho, ka hoʻonui ʻana, ka huki ʻana, ka ʻoki ʻana ... ʻaʻohe mea astral, e like me ka AutoCAD a me Microstation e hana ai. E pili ana i kēia, ʻo ka mea ʻoi loa a mākou i ʻike ai, ʻo ia ka hoʻoikaika o gvSIG, kahi o ka hana hou ʻana i ke ala o ka hana ʻana i nā pōpoki, hoʻololi ʻia i ke ala o Hana iā AutoCAD, Me nā miliona o nā mea ho'ohana ma ka honua e hana nei pēlā ('Ike i ka loa'a'ana o nā ka'ina hana arā o AutoCAD). Aia kahi hana e oʻo ai i ka wikiwiki hana i ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā kiʻi kaumaha a i ʻole nā ​​faila nui; Manaʻo wau e holo ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma Linux, akā ʻaʻole ma Windows, a a Ka paio nui No ka hō'oia'i'o i ko ke ao nei'a'ole he mea e nānā ai.

3. Aia kekahi CAD e hana GIS

I ke kūlana o ka Palapala ʻāina ʻo Bentley a me ka Palapala ʻāina ʻo AutoCAD, ʻo ke kūlana ka hana ʻana i nā hiki GIS no nā pono hana i hoʻohana ʻia no ka ʻenehana. Nui ka holomua, ʻaʻohe kanalua e pili ana iā ia, akā i kēia lā nui nā hōʻike a me ka paʻi ʻana i nā hana (nā palapala paʻi ʻia) nāwaliwali i ka mea a GIS e hana maikaʻi ai (a ʻoi aku paha). Manaʻo pū wau ka hoʻomau o ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā hana maʻalahi ... 'O ka huki maka; inā ʻaʻole, e nānā ehia mau mea hoʻohana AutoCAD (miliona) a ehia (ʻo wai e makemake) AutoCAD Palapala ʻāina (a i ʻole Kivila 3D); ʻaʻole no ke kumu kūʻai, no ka mea like ka hoʻohālikelike inā mākou e hana me nā mea hoʻohana e hoʻohana i nā laikini i hao ʻia. ʻAneʻane like ia me Microstation a me Bentley Map, me ka ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka paipalapala a me nā ʻano interoperability (Olu'olu).

4. ʻO CAD a me GIS nā kumuhana ʻelua. 

Loa'a kahi ho'onohonoho (kahua) e'ōlelo ana he'elua mau kumu kūikawā'elua a'a'ole e hiki i ka papahana ke hana i nā mea like'ole; Mahele o kēlā kūlana i loa'a iā mākou ko mākou mana'o i nā makahiki i hala aku nei:

...'O CAD no ka hana'ana i nā kikowaena pololei a me GIS no nā palapala 'āina maika'i.

Akā, i kēia hana kūikawā pale mai, a hiki i ka nui i ka hae iʻoihana kaua, a ua appropriated e 'ole-noa lako polokalamu, lilo aku la rigidity, i hāpai' e like me ka OGC ma kaʻaoʻao GIS, ka hoʻokō 'ana o ka manaʻo Ho'oponopono, hoʻohana i ka xml e hele i mua i ka manaʻo BIM ma kaʻaoʻao o ka CAD, me nā mea'ē aʻe, ka mea i hanaʻole i ke CAD ma ke kiʻi paʻiʻana akā he wahi o ka hana o nāʻoihana maoli (Architecture, Civil Engineering, Topography, etc.).

ʻLelo ke ʻano ʻaʻole e loaʻa ka loea i ka polokalamu (CAD / GIS) akā ma ka ʻāpana noi. No ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi laʻana, pono ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā alanui i ka loea o kahi polokalamu e hana ana i kēlā, me ke kikoʻī o CAD a me nā hiki ke lawelawe iā ia i nā polokalamu e hoʻohana i ke koʻi e hana i nā kiʻi paʻi kiʻi ma lalo o kahi ʻike GIS. Pēlā nō, pono e iho i ka formefile i ka mōʻaukala a ʻo ka ʻikepili GIS he kiʻi kiʻi a i ʻole tabula o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo nona ka geometry i hiki ke hoʻoponopono ʻia mai ka ʻaoʻao GIS, e nīnau ana i kona mau ʻano, e ʻike nei i kona pili i nā ʻikepili ʻē aʻe. ʻoiai mai ka ʻaoʻao GIS kāna mau hiʻohiʻona kupaianaha, e pili ana i ka ʻikepili a hiki ke hoʻoponopono me ka kikoʻī a CAD e makemake ai.

Akā no kēia ... ua mamao loa mākou,'a'ole no ka mea'a'ole Ua ho'omaka'ia,'O nā mea hana'u'uku e hana i ka nui o ia mea, akā, pono'oe e ho'ololi i nā mele nui o ka pūnaewele e ho'okō i ia ma ke ala kūpono.

4. E like me kaʻu e ʻike nei

Manaʻo wau no kekahi manawa, e hoʻomau mākou e hoʻohana i ʻelua mau papahana e hōʻike i ka waiwai like: ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i kāna vector ma CAD, ke kālailai ʻana iā ia ma GIS, a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea ʻelua. I koʻu manaʻo, nui nā mea a mākou i hana ai i ka nui o ka uahi a ua lilo ka maʻalahi o kāna hoʻohana no nā hana kūpono a me ke kūʻai ʻana ʻenehana (kahi pilikia) i poina iā mākou ke kumu o ka hana kanaka ʻana (e hoʻonā i nā pilikia).

image42 Ua loaʻa ka nani o ka papaʻaina kiʻi, no ka mea ʻaʻohe mea i hana i kahi ala ʻē aʻe e hana ai i nā kiʻi me ka lima, ua hoʻohui ʻia nā mea holoi uila akā ʻaʻole ka systematization o kā lākou hana i nā mea o ka pākaukau akā i ka mea a mākou i hana ai ma laila. Ke hana nei ʻo Cartography i nā palapala ʻāina ma lalo o nā pae hoʻohālikelike o ka pālākiō a me ka pilina, ua noʻonoʻo mākou e pili ana i ka mea e paʻi ai akā ʻaʻole mākou i kanalua i ka hoʻohana ʻia no nā hana kanaka.

ʻAʻole mākou e lilo i ka noʻonoʻo, no ka mea, i kēia manawa e hana ka ʻenehana i nā mea maʻalahi no mākou a hoʻonui i kāna USS. No laila, pono e hiki mai kahi manawa ke hoʻopau ka hoʻopukapuka e pili ana i nā kinona, nā mīkini, nā pika, nā lepili a me nā māka, e hoʻopukapuka manawa i ke kumu a lākou i hana ai. A ʻo kahi hopena, e like me ma mua, hoʻolaʻa iā mākou iho i ka hana ʻana i ka ʻoihana, ka waiwai a me nā pono no nā poʻe.

Akā kuhi hewa ka manaʻo, a i koʻu manaʻo, i nā makahiki he 5 e hiki mai ana, no ka hapanui o nā papahana o ka pae i hāpai ʻia i ka hoʻomaka, e hoʻomau mākou i nā mea like (e nānā, mai hoʻopau iā ia i ka hana ʻana ma Google Earth). A me nā mea hana polokalamu CAD / GIS:

  • Ma ka'ao'ao ESRI, hiki paha E nānā i nā mea hou Ma ka mana o ka hana CAD, mana'olana'a'ole pono e a'o hou e ho'ohana hou i ka papa'aina.
  • Ma ka ʻaoʻao AutoDesk, e hoʻolaha i ka 3D XNUMXD e ʻike i ka palapala ʻana ma ke ʻano he ʻenehana. He manaʻo kūpono paha iaʻu.
  • Ma ka'ao'ao Bentley, e ho'onui KahaWa No ka CAD i uku ha'aha'a no ka loa'a'ana o nā kaha GIS, a malia paha e ho'oikaika i ka ho'olālā'ana.
  • Ma ka ʻaoʻao polokalamu haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa: Manifold, Tatuk GIS, Global Mapper, IntelliCAD, ke loaʻa nei ka ʻāina i ka hana ʻana i nā lako inoa inoa ʻole.

Inā'ike ka Open Source software (mālama) i kēia pale, pono e nānā kākou a pau ma laila,'a'ole wale nō Ka'ike waiwai (Kahi a mākou i'ike mua ai), akā, ma ka ho'oholo'ana i nā pilikia ma'amau (kahi e hana nei) a me ka'oihana'oihana'oihana'oi a'e ma mua o Pāpā.

Pessimistic paha; kuhi hewa, ʻoiaʻiʻo. A ʻo ʻoe: Pehea ʻoe e ʻike ai?

6 Nā pane i "CAD, GIS, a i ʻole ʻelua?"

  1. Hi Hi'i

    He aha nā mea e like me nā kikowaena o kāu noiʻi ʻana i UTM i ka like me nā mea i hiki ai ma 60 hiki ke loaʻa paha o nā ʻĀina o ka honua, no laila hiki iā ʻoe ke kuhikuhi i ka mea o kāu i loko. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka Datum ke kuhikuhi ellipsoid, e hāʻawi iā ʻoe i kahi manaʻo, me he mea lā e like me ka WGS84 ma ke kai kai a ʻo kekahi Datum e like me ka NAD 24 i hala ma 3,000 mika ma luna, hiki i ka pūnaewele like a like a i hoʻokahi manawa ka puʻuwai, a i kekahi manawa He like ka lōʻihi o ka lōʻihi, akā ua like nā lōʻihi ma luna o kēia mau ʻokoʻa ʻelua. ʻO ia ke kumu i kapa ʻia ai ka ʻōnaehana UTM "projected."

    Ke hana nei iā ia ma ArcGIS, pākaha ʻoe pololei i ka ʻula āu i makemake ai i ka georeferencing a koho i ke koho "waiwai", a laila ma ka papa i ʻike ʻia ua koho ʻoe i ka ʻaoʻao "kumu".
    I laila, aia kahi keki e koho ai i ka "kumu", a laila e komo ʻoe a laila ʻoe e nānā no kahi ʻōnaehana projected (UTM), a laila e koho ʻoe i ka wahi kūpono a inā paha ʻoe i ka hemisphere kūkulu ʻākau a hema paha.

    Me kēia mea ua kāleka'ia kāu pūnaewele i kahi datum a me kahi āpau.

    A aloha.

  2. maikai kakahiaka, au hooaloha k maikaʻi moʻomanaʻo mea e paʻa ai I Tego kanalua no hoi au i lilo i ka DXF waihona shp koʻu CAD waihona mea georeferenced a me kaʻiʻo i loko o ka GIS, a incidentally arcgis hoʻohana 9.3 mai iaʻu i nā wahi hou akā, like o nä unuhi au ike ia, e kau aku au i ka ńina ike a me ia mea, akā,ʻaʻole pehea au gustari i keia yaque've nānā mai'ō a'ō i ka pūnaewele puni honua akā, hiki ole loaʻa maoli pane makemake nui mahalo 'oe ke pane i kaʻu nīnau' oluʻolu e cordenadas i UTM me gsw84

  3. «» »Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Jose maria: Malaki 16, 2010 - 8:36 pm
    pehea e kau aku ai i kahi kikoo i kekoi i arc gis ou a nānā aku »» »

    Noho Resp: mai ka map honua i ka ho'oku'u'ana i nā laina papa, nā polygons (ka ho'okumu'ana i nā topologies) a me nā helu.

    e hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia o topological ka wahaheʻe i loko o CAD, ua nui na erramients e like me Autocad unuhi i ka palapala 'āina clenup kōkua debug ka CAD waihona ma mua mea hoʻolilo' ole hoʻohana ', like nā i objectsdata kinona a papa. no hoi ma ArcGIS a me nā lako polokalamu GIS like OpenJUMP nei topological validators i loko o koʻu hihia aʻu e hoʻohana i ka elua me encuenta ma ka arcgis mea nui olelo hooholo xy (ke ahonui,) a me ka Q i hilinaʻi nui ma luna o ka mea e like ai o ka ahu iho la, a me OpenJUMP ke nana polygons me ka lua a me vertices i ka palena iki koi 'ia ma kahi haʻahaʻa pana pua.
    Aloha

  4. Mai ArcGIS e halihali iā ia he'ano papa, a laila e ho'olilo iā ia i Featureclass

  5. Pehea e ki'i ai i ke kahaki'i i ke kikowaena i ka'ike a i'ole ke nānā

  6. Hola

    ʻIke wau ua ʻōlelo ʻoe mai ka loea o ka "CADISTA".
    First mea ua ike: Ua lako polokalamu i kekahi mau orinetaciones.El ike cuendo ke hoʻohana i kekahi a na kekahi mea hoʻohana mea. Hookohukohu iho la lakou e hana i ka pana ana o ka hale (CAD) i loko o ka GIS no iaʻu mea i lako polokalamu Ka Ikepili ma mua o kekahi mea haca nani palapala (no ka mea ua MAPublisher ole corel a pela aku).

    'O ka ho'okō'ana i ka mana'o no'ono'o ma ka'ao'ao o GIS i nā makahiki o ka arcinfo, ua like nō ia i mea maika'i loa no ka hopena o nā hewa ho'opunipuni. Mai ka mythic Arc / Info,'o esri nā pahuhopu āu e kama'ilio ai no:

    Nā kī'ohi i ho'ohana'ia no ka hana'ana (laina, nā'āpana, nā'āpana, polyline, nā helu ...) Inā'a'ole'oe e kama'ilio e pili ana i nā mea āu e makemake'ole nei:

    -buttons e ho'oponopono (ho'ohālike, kope, ne'e, ho'ololi, ho'onui'ia ...)'O ia mau mea iā lākou ke'ole'oe e nānā i kekahi mea'ē a'e.

    -ʻO ke kaohi kope kūpono…. «E hālāwai nā laina ma kahi mamao o 10 m….» ʻO kēlā? «Kuhi lākou i kahi a lākou e hele ai» ... I kēlā? "Hoʻonui ia i n arc e intersect i kekahi" ... Kēlā? E like me ka CAD a laila?

    Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hele pū nā makemake no ka hoʻopili polokalamu me ka hana a nā mea hoʻohana, no ka laʻana ke hea aku nei wau no ka hoʻohui nui aʻe ma waena o ARCGIS Splus a Matlab paha ...

    I manaʻo no ka cosntruccion o ka GIS papahana, i ke kahe pakuhi no koʻu nui: contruccion maʻi lele-ma muli CAD, alphanumerical hōkeoʻikepili ma ARCGIS, kūkuluʻia a me ke kiʻi Ka Ikepili ma ERDAS (ma ka mea ku ole manaʻo he CAD kiʻi mea wale lalo kākoʻo a ua informción oleʻikepili me ka GIS) a me ka hōʻikeʻia nani ma ARCGIS.

    Like ARCGIS (mai piʻo / Info, UNIX ma ka liʻiliʻi loa) papalua komo presicion i loko o ka wahi o ka vectors,ʻaʻohe pilikia o ka poho o ka miomio. A SOLOo pono i CAD hiki ke hoʻoponopono topological hewa a me ka hui ana o ka GIS / CAD makemake e he Honeymoon.

    Eia nō naʻe, pili kēia i nā polokalamu ma muli o ka polokalamu liveware, e aʻo ʻo CADISTS e lawelawe i kā lākou papahana ʻoi aku ka nui (nā kahawai i hoʻokahi papa a me nā alanui i kahi ʻē aʻe) huhū wau i ka loaʻa ʻole o ka ʻike CAD me nā polygons ʻaʻole pēlā, nā lāina. me ka ʻole o ka hoʻomau topological (kiʻi wale nō), a me nā arcs e hōʻike ana i nā kahawai i nā papa e hōʻike ana i nā alanui….

Waiho i kahi pane

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia pūnaewele i ka Akismet e ho'ēmi i ka spam. E aʻo pehea e hanaʻia ai kāuʻikeʻikepili.